FAKTOR RISIKO MIOPIA PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO ANGKATAN 2011-2014

Febriany, Yustina Elisa and Arimadyo S., A. Kentar and Dhanardhono, Tuntas (2015) FAKTOR RISIKO MIOPIA PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO ANGKATAN 2011-2014. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Backgroud: Myopia as a refraction error almost always occupies the top position compared with the others. In the late of 20th century in the urban area of Southeast Asia, the prevalence of myopia increases significantly and in the highly educated population the percentage reaches 80%. Myopia in adult in Indonesia is estimated at 25% of adult population and in children is about 10-12%. For those reasons, it is important to know the risk factor in case of preventing myopia. Purpose: To know myopic parents, near-sighted activity, lack of outdoor activity, lack of consuming vegetables or fruits, and blunt injury of the occuli as risk factors of myopia in Medical Faculty Diponegoro University year 2011-2014 students Method: Subjects of the study are Medical Faculty Diponegoro University year 2011-2014 students who suffered from myopia, filled the questionnaire, and had been checked with optotype Snellen, trial lens, and trial frame. The data then analyzed by chi-square, Komolgorov-Smirnov, and logistic regression. Results: This study has 80 samples and 40 controls. Bivariate analysis results shows myopic parents (p=0,000); lack of outdoor sports (p=0,008); and lack of outdoor hobbies (p=0,029) are significant. From all significant factors, myopic parents is the most dominant. Conclusion: Myopic parents and lack of outdoor activities are risk factors of myopia in Medical Faculty Diponegoro University year 2011-2014 students. Key words: Risk factors, myopia

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:46853
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:17 Nov 2015 13:43
Last Modified:17 Nov 2015 13:43

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