Characteristics of Carbonaceous Aerosols Emitted from Peatland Fire in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia

Fujii, Yusuke and Iriana, Windy and Oda, Masafumi and Puriwigati, Astiti and Tohno, Susumu and Lestari, Puji and Mizohata, Akira and Huboyo, Haryono Setiyo (2014) Characteristics of Carbonaceous Aerosols Emitted from Peatland Fire in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Atmospheric Environment, 87 . pp. 164-169. ISSN 1309-1042

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Official URL: https://www.elsevier.com/locate/atmosenv

Abstract

Biomass burning is a significant source of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5). Forest, bush, and peat fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra, Indonesia are major sources of transboundary haze pollution in Southeast Asia. However, limited data exist regarding the chemical characteristics of aerosols at sources. We conducted intensive field studies in Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, during the peatland fire and non-burning seasons Ni 2012. We characterized PM carbonaceous aerosols emitted from peatland fire based on ground-based source-dominated sampling. PM 2.5 aerosols were collected with two mini-volume samplers using Teflon and quartz fiber filters. Background aerosols were also sampled during the transition period between the non-burning and fire seasons. We analyzed the carbonaceous content (organis carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC)) by a thermal optical reflectance utilizing the IMPROVE_A protokol and the major organic components of the aerosols by a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. PM 2.5 aerosols emitted from peatland fire were observed in high concentrations of 7120 _ 3620 mgm and were primarily composed of OC (71.0 _ 5.11% of PM mass). Levoglucosan exhibited the highest total ion current and was present at concentrations of 464 _ 183 µg m-3. The OC/EC ratios (36.4 _ 9.08), abundances of eight thermally-derived carbon fractions, OC/Levoglucosan ratios (10.6 _ 1.96), and Levoglucosan/Mannosan ratios (10.6 _ 2.03) represent a signature profile that is inherent in peatland fire. These data will be useful in identifying contributions from single bor multiple species in atmospheric aerosol samples collected from peatland fires.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Department of Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Environmental Engineering
ID Code:74975
Deposited By:Ms teknik lingkungan
Deposited On:16 Aug 2019 11:55
Last Modified:16 Aug 2019 11:55

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