Murwani, Retno and Trianto, Agus and WIJAYANTI, ENDANG and Ridlo, Ali and Susilaningsih, Neni (2018) Ethanol Extract of Haliclona sp. Improved Histological Grade of Mammary Adenocarcinoma in C3H Mice. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Yogyakarta.
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Official URL: https://iopscience.iop.org
The sponge Haliclona sp. contains secondary metabolites belong to alkaloids which are cytotoxic to the human tumor. The following research was conducted to study the effect of a graded level of Haliclona sp. extract on mammary adenocarcinoma in C3H mice. Haliclona sp. was obtained from Bandengan water in Jepara, and the crude extract was prepared by maceration with ethanol. Fifteen C3H mice with an initial weight of 20-25 gram were assigned into control, H-1, and H-2 groups. Control, H1, and H2 groups each received the ethanol extract of 0, 0.15, and 1.5 mg per mouse per day respectively for two weeks. Cancer cells were introduced to all groups from a cancerous donor mouse. The donor cancer cells were injected into each mouse via left or right axilla and allowed to grow. The cancer mass was removed and processed for histological examination, and the cancer growth was determined according to Elston and Ellis criteria. The result showed that histological grade of cancer mass from control group was in grade 2 or differentiated moderately. The histological grade of cancer mass from H-1 and H-2 groups were in grade 1 or similar to a normal cell. Analyses of the data by Kruskal-Wallis showed a significant difference (p<0,05) between control and treated groups. No significant difference was found between H-1and H-2 groups. The results suggest the potential of active substances in the ethanol extract of Haliclona sp as an anti-cancer drug.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Subjects:||Q Science > Q Science (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences > Department of Marine Science|
|Deposited By:||Rachmat Afriyanto|
|Deposited On:||14 May 2019 09:08|
|Last Modified:||06 Dec 2019 16:42|
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