PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KURMA TERHADAP PROFIL DARAH PADA PASIEN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE GRADE II DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

RAGAYASA, Adivtian and SUWONDO, Ari and MARDIYONO, Mardiyono (2016) PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KURMA TERHADAP PROFIL DARAH PADA PASIEN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE GRADE II DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KABUPATEN SIDOARJO. Masters thesis, Postgraduate Program .

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Penyakit demam berdarah dengue atau yang disingkat sebagai DBD adalah penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh virus dengue dengan manifestasi klinis demam, nyeri otot dan atau nyeri sendi yang disertai leukopenia, ruam, limfadenopati, trombositopenia dan diatesis hemoragik. Pasien DBD akan mengalami perubahan pada profil darahnya yang meliputi perubahan pada volume, trombosit, hemaktokrit, hemoglobin dan leukosit. Penggunaaan Complementary Alternative Medicine pada aktivitas keperawatan diberikan dalam kolaborasi untuk tindakan terapi nonfarmakologis. Pada kasus demam berdarah dengue perawat bisa menggunakan Complementary Alternative Medicine sebagai bahan alternatif untuk penyembuhan penyakit demam berdarah dengue dengan memberikan kurma (Phoenix dactylifera). Tujuan Penelitian: Mengidentifikasi pengaruh pemberian kurma terhadap profil darah pada pasien demam berdarah dengue grade II di RSUD Sidoarjo. Metode Penelitian: Jenis penelitian adalah quasi-experimental dengan rancangan penelitian pre and post test with control group. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pasien demam berdarah dengue grade II di RSUD Sidoarjo pada bulan Desember 2015 sampai Pebruari tahun 2016. Sampel penelitian diambil dengan teknik simple random sampling sebanyak 27 orang. Satu kelompok diberi intervensi kurma 1,25 gr/KgBB, satu kelompok diberi intervensi kurma 1,87 gr/KgBB dan satu kelompok kontrol tanpa perlakuan. Analisa bivariat yang digunakan untuk menguji perbedaan antar kelompok tidak berpasangan dengan uji Anova dan untuk menguji perbedaan dalam kelompok berpasangan dengan Uji T Test. Hasil Penelitian: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Pemberian kurma (Phoenix Dactylifera) 1,25 gr/KgBB dan 1,87 gr/KgBB berpengaruh terhadap perubahan kadar profil darah pada pasien demam berdarah dengue grade II. Kesimpulan : Pemberian kurma dosis 1,87 gr/KgBB berpengaruh terhadap profil darah pada pasien demam berdarah dengue grade II. Kata Kunci : Kurma, profil darah, demam berdarah dengue Background : the disease of dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus with the clinical manifestation fever, muscle aches and joint pain that is accompanied by leukopenia, rash, limfadenopati, trombositopenia and diathesis hemorrhagic. The patient will feel the changing to the blood profile. The include changing are volume, trombocite, hematocrite, haemoglobin and leukocyte. The using of complementary alternative medicine in the nursing activity is given in the colaboration for therapeutic action non farmacologist. In the cases of this disease, the nurse can use complementary alternatives medicine as an alternative material to cure this disease by providing dates (Phoenix dactylifera). The aim of the research is : to identifity the effect of giving dates to the blood profile to the patient of dengue hemorrhagic fever grade II in the public hospital sidoarjo. The methods of the research : This type of research is quasi-experimental research design with pre and post test with control group. Population that is used in this research are the patients of dengue hemorrhagic fever grade II in the public hospital sidoarjo at december 2015 until pebruary 2016. Samples were taken by simple random sampling technique as many as 27 people. One group was given the intervention of dates 1.25 gr / KgBW, one group was given the intervention of dates with 1.87 gr / KgBW and a control group without treatment. Bivariate analysis were used to test for differences between groups are not paired with Anova and to examine differences in groups of pairs with T Test Test The result of the research : the result of the research show the given of dates 1,25 gr/KgBW and 1,87 gr/KgBW influence to changing of the blood profile content to the patient dengue hemorrhagic fever grade II Conclusion : The given dates dose of 1.87 g / KgBW effect on the blood profile in patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever grade II. Key word : Dates, blood profile, dengue hemorrhagic fever

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:53027
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:13 Apr 2017 10:47
Last Modified:13 Apr 2017 10:47

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