PENGARUH HIPNOSIS TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KADAR LEUKOSIT DAN TEKANAN DARAH IBU HAMIL PREEKLAMPSIA DI WILAYAH KERJA DINAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN

KHUZAIYAH, Siti and ANIES, Anies and WAHYUNI, Sri (2016) PENGARUH HIPNOSIS TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KADAR LEUKOSIT DAN TEKANAN DARAH IBU HAMIL PREEKLAMPSIA DI WILAYAH KERJA DINAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN. Masters thesis, Postgraduate Program .

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Angka Kematian Ibu (AKI) di Indonesia masih tinggi. Salah satu penyebab AKI adalah Preeklampsia. Pada ibu preeklampsia terjadi peningkatan tekanan darah dan peningkatan kadar leukosit. Upaya penanganan preeklampsia saat ini masih bersifat medikamentosa, belum mengarah pada kompelemntary terapi seperti hipnosis. Hipnosis adalah suatu kondisi relaksasi dan komunikasi bawah sadar. Hipnosis telah terbukti bermanfaat secara psikologis maupun medis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh hipnosis terhadap perubahan tekanan darah dan kadar leukosit ibu hamil preeklampsia di Wilayah Kerja Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pekalongan. Metode: jenis penelitian ini adalah Quasi Experiment dengan desain penelitian pretest-posttest control group. Subjek penelitian ini yaitu 32 ibu hamil preeklampsia yang terbagi dalam 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan perawatan kehamilan standar. Hipnosis dilakukan sebanyak 3x terapi. Hasil: ada perbedaan tekanan darah sebelum dan setelah hipnosis dengan p vlaue sistolik 0,025 dan p value diastolik 0,002. Ada perbedaan tekanan darah kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan setelah dilakukan hipnosis dengan p value sistolik 0,002 dan p value diastolik 0,013. Penurunan tekanan darah setelah hipnosis mencapai 20mmHg (sistole) dan 7,5mmHg (diastole). Tidak ada perbedaan signifikan kadar leukosit sebelum dan setelah hipnosis dengan p value 0,089. Hasil analisis univariate terjadi penurunan rata-rata leukosit kelompok perlakuan mencapai 433,125/mm 3. Simpulan: hipnosis berpengaruh terhadap penurunan tekanan darah dan tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap kadar leukosit pada ibu preeklampsia. Kata kunci: kadar leukosit, tekanan darah, hipnosis. Background : Mortality rate in Indonesia is still hight today. The most of causes preeclampsia is preeclampsia. In mother with preeclampsia have a hight blood pressure and leucocyte. Preeclapmsia just treat based on convensional medicamentosa, not yet complement by complementary therapy such as hypnosis. Hypnosis is a rilex condition and terapis communication which is done in subconscious mind. The benefit of hypnosis can increase physic and psychis health. Objektif of this researh is to analyze the effect of hypnosis on blood pressure and luecocyte change in pregnancy women with preeclampsia in Pekalongan Regional Primary Health Centre. Methode: this study is Quasi Experiment with pretest-posttest control group design. The subject of this study are 32 pregnant women with preeclampsia which is divided into 2 groups: control and experiment group. Result: there is the difference of blood pressure before and after hypnosis with p vlaue for sistole is 0,025 and p vlaue for diastole is 0,002. There is the difference of blood pressure between control and experiment group with p value of sitole is 0,002 and p value for diastole is 0,013. The decrease of sistole up to 20mmHg and the decrease of diastole up to 7,5mmHg. There is no difference of leucocyte before and after hypnosis with p value 0,089. The result of univariate analyze show that the decrease of leucocyte in experimental group is up to 433,125/mm. Conclusion: hypnosis effective on decrease blood pressure in pregnant women with preeclampsia, but not effective significantly on decrease leucocytein pregnant women with preeclampsia. Keyword: leucocyte, blood pressure, hypnosis.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:51357
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:09 Jan 2017 09:13
Last Modified:09 Jan 2017 09:13

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