PENINGKATAN KADAR KORTISOL DARAH SEBAGAI RESPON TERHADAP STRESS, KADAR INTERLEUKIN-6 (IL-6)DAN DERAJAT ADHESI PASCA LAPAROTOMI DAN LAPAROSKOPI (Penelitian Eksperimental pada Kelinci) yang Dilakukan Abrasi Ileum

Ananggadipa, Joseph (2015) PENINGKATAN KADAR KORTISOL DARAH SEBAGAI RESPON TERHADAP STRESS, KADAR INTERLEUKIN-6 (IL-6)DAN DERAJAT ADHESI PASCA LAPAROTOMI DAN LAPAROSKOPI (Penelitian Eksperimental pada Kelinci) yang Dilakukan Abrasi Ileum. Masters thesis, Master of Biomedical Science.

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Abstract

Background : Peritoneal adhesion occurs in more than 50% - 97% of cases of transperitoneal surgery whisch is still an issue of high morbidity and mortality. Minimally invasive surgery has a significantly lower incidence of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. Peritoneal adhesions involve many mediators such as IL-8, TNF-α, IL-1 β, IL-6, TGF-β. Laparoscopy minimize tissue trauma so that the levels of ACTH, cortisol, prolactin, noradrenaline and adrenaline are lower. This study seeks to prove the correlation between the type of abdominal surgery with peritoneal adhesion levels mediated by the increase in cortisol levels and the increase in IL-6 levels. Material and Method : A laboratory experimental research using twelve male New Zealand rabbits which divided into two groups was done. The treatments were laparotomy and laparoscopy where the terminal ileum abrasion was done. Blood cortisol levels were taken before treatment and 6 hours after treatment. Levels of IL-6 levels were taken from the peritoneal fluid samples on 7th day after treatment. Examination using ELISA method. Assessment of the adhesion degree was done based on macroscopic criteria. Result : The level of serum cortisol, peritoneal fluid IL-6 and intra peritoneal adhesion degrees in the laparotomy group is significantly higher than the laparoscopy group (p=0,021, p<0,001, p=0,002). There were strongly positive and significant correlation between the levels of cortisol and IL-6 (p=0,001 and r=0,827). There were strongly positive and significant correlation between the levels of IL-6 and the degrees of adhesion (p<0,001 and r=0,878). Conclusion : The systemic inflammation response and the intra peritoneal adhesion in the laparoscopy group is lower compared to laparotomy. Keywords : laparotomy, laparoscopy, cortisol, IL-6, peritoneal adhesion.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Biomedical Science
ID Code:46740
Deposited By:Mr. Magister Biomedik Admin
Deposited On:06 Nov 2015 09:57
Last Modified:06 Nov 2015 09:57

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