HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS DIABETES MELITUS DENGAN STATUS PENYAKIT ARTERI PERIFER (PAP) PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI

Ilminova, Firsty and Nugroho, K. Heri and Ismail, Akhmad (2015) HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS DIABETES MELITUS DENGAN STATUS PENYAKIT ARTERI PERIFER (PAP) PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Background: Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a condition due to the blockage of an artery which supply arm or leg because of atherosclerosis. PAD can lower functional status, reduce quality of life, lead to amputation, myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a risk factor that is common in PAD. There has been no research on the role of PAD status on the incidence of diabetes in patients with hypertension. Objective: To determine the relationship between DM status with PAD status in patients with hypertension Methods: This study is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design using purposive sampling method. There were 38 hypertensive subjects without DM and 40 hypertensive subjects with DM at ages ranging from 40 to 60 years. The data used are primary data and secondary data. PAD status is determined by examining Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) using a stethoscope at rest and post-exercise. Statistical tests are performed using Chi Square test and logistic regression. Results: There were 18 subjects (45%) having positive PAD status in hypertension group with DM, and 8 subjects (21.1%) in hypertension without DM. Chi-square test showed significant association between DM Status and PAD status in patients with hypertension (p <0.025). DM status give 2.14 times the risk for the incidence of peripheral arterial disease in patients with hypertension. The majority of subjects with positive PAD status in this study also have dislipidemi status. The place of this study is secondary health care, thus allowing the comorbidity between PAD and other manifestations of atherosclerotic disease such as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and stroke. Conclusion: There is a significant association between DM Status and PAD status in patients with hypertension. Keywords: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial disease

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:46704
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:03 Nov 2015 09:52
Last Modified:03 Nov 2015 09:52

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