PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN NIFEDIPIN PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI TERHADAP LAJU ALIRAN SALIVA DAN PEMBESARAN GINGIVA

Danniswara, Fadia Ghaisani and Restadiamawati, Restadiamawati (2015) PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN NIFEDIPIN PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI TERHADAP LAJU ALIRAN SALIVA DAN PEMBESARAN GINGIVA. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Background : The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in society. Nifedipine as one of antihypertensive drugs from Calcium Channel Blocker is the type of drug that is often used . The impact on the oral cavity due to the use of nifedipine in patients with hypertension can cause gingival enlargement and reduction in salivary flow . Aim : This research was to prove the influence of nifedipine on gingival enlargement and salivary flow. Method : This study is using observational analytic design with cross sectional approach. The required number of subjects in the study were 70 people who were divided into nifedipine-users group and control group. Subjects were conducted with consecutive sampling method. Gingival enlargement is measured vertically and horizontally using a periodontal probe. Saliva was conducted using passive drool for 1 minute. Result : Mann Whitney test can be concluded that there is a significant difference for gingival enlargement and salivary flow rate between nifedipine user groups and the control group ( p < 0,05 ). Conclusion : There is a significant relationship to gingival enlargement and salivary flow rate per minute between hypertensive patients who use nifedipine and do not use nifedipine. Keywords : Hypertension, nifedipine, salivary flow rate, gingival enlargemet

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:46697
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:03 Nov 2015 09:29
Last Modified:03 Nov 2015 09:29

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