PENGARUH SUPLEMEN TABLET BESI DAN SUPLEMEN VITAMIN C TERHADAP KADAR HAEMOGLOBIN (Hb) PADA REMAJA PUTRI

ISTIKHAROH, ISTIKHAROH (2005) PENGARUH SUPLEMEN TABLET BESI DAN SUPLEMEN VITAMIN C TERHADAP KADAR HAEMOGLOBIN (Hb) PADA REMAJA PUTRI. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Anemia merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan karena kekurangan zat besi, asam folat, dan atau vitamin B12 di dalam tubuh yang mengakibatkan pembentukan hemoglobin berkurang. Kehilangan zat besi dapat terjadi pada sebagian wanita yang melahirkan, haid yang berlebihan dan infeksi cacing. Hal ini disebabkan karena ketidakseimbangan antara kebutuhan tubuh akan zat besi dibandingkan dengan asupan dan penyerapan dari makanan. Absorbsi zat besi dapat ditingkatkan apabila terdapat kadar vitamin C yang cukup. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C terhadap kadar hemoglobin pada remaja putri. Jenis penelitian adalah Quasy Eksperimen dengan rancangan one group pre post test design without control. Populasi yang diambil adalah remaja putri SMU PGRI Wiradesa Kabupaten Pekalongan sebanyak 70 orang dengan penentuan besar sampel menggunakan minimal sampel size diperoleh sebanyak 41 sampel. Data diperoleh melalui data sekunder yaitu data siswa dan data hasil wawancara survei anemia. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C terhadap kadar hemoglobin pada remaja putri digunakan uji Paired T-test, sedangkan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kepatuhan mengkonsumsi suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C dengan kadar hemoglobin digunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kadar hemoglobin remaja putri sebelum mengkonsumsi suplemen tablet besi dan suolemen vitamin C sebanyak 80,49% tergolong anemia sedangkan yang tergolong normal sebanyak 19,51% dengan rata-rata 11,4 gr/dl, kadar hemoglobin remaja putri sesudah mengkonsumsi suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C sebanyak 26,83% tergolong anemia, sedangkan yang tergolong normal 73,17% dengan rata-rata 12,7 gr/dl. Uji Paired T-test menunjukan ada pengaruh suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C terhadap kadar hemoglobin pada remaja putri denga p=0,001, (p<0,05). Dan uji Chi Square menunjukan ada hubungan antara kepatuhan mengkonsumsi suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C dengan kadar hemoglobin dalam darah pada remaja putri dengan p=0,001, (p<0,05). Mengingat banyaknya remaja putri yang mengalami anemia maka didasarkan kepada Institusi Pendidikan ditingkat SLTP dan SMU hendaknya mengadakan suplemen tablet besi dan suplemen vitamin C secara mandiri sehingga remaja putri di Institut pendidikan dapat mengkonsumsi dengan mudah. Bagi pengelola program kesehatan keluarga di tingkat kabupaten hendaknya tablet besi dan vitamin C diberikan kepada remaja putri di institusi pendidikan bukan sebagai proyek saja tetapi merupakan bantuan rutin. Kata Kunci: Tablet besi, vitamin C, kadar hemoglobin, kepatuhan mengkonsumsi suplemen. INFLUENCE OF SUPLEMEN OF IRON TABLET AND SUPLEMEN OF VITAMIN C TO HAEMOGLOBIN RATE (Hb) AT FEMALE ADOLESCENT ( STUDY IN SMU PGRI WIRADESA REGENCY PEKALONGAN ) Anemia represent disease caused for want of the iron, sour of folat, and or vitamin of B12 in body resulting forming of haemoglobin decreace. Loss of iron can be become of most at woman bearing, abundant menstruation and the worm infection. This matter is caused because inbalance between requirement of body of iron will compared to intake and absorbtion from food. Absorbsi of iron can be improved if there are rate of vitamin C which enough. Target of research is to know influence of suplemen of tablet of iron and suplemen of vitamin C to rate of haemoglobin at female adolescent. Type of Research is Quasy Eksperimen with one group pre post test design without control. Population taken is female adolescent SMU PGRI Wirodesa Regency Pekalongan as much 70 people with intake of saple is minimal saple size is 41 sample. Data obtained by through data of secunder that is data of student and data of result of interview survey anaemia. To know influence of suplemen of tablet of iron and suplemen of vitamin C to rate of haemoglobin at female adolescent utri used test of Paired T-test, while to know relation between compliance consume suplemen of tablet of iron and suplemen of vitamin C with rate of haemoglobin used test of Chi Square. Result of research indicate that rate of haemoglobin of female adolescent before consuming suplemen of vitamin C as much 80,49% pertained anaemia while pertained normal as much 19,51% with mean 11,4 gr/dl, rate of haemoglobin female adolescent hereafter consume suplemen of tablet iron and suplemen of vitamin C as much 26,83% pertained anaemia while pertained normal 73,17% with mean 12,7 gr/dl. Test Paired T-Test show there is influence of suplemen of tablet of iron and suplemen of vitamin of C to rate of haemoglobin at female adolescent by p=0,001, (p<0,05). And test Chi Square show there is relation of between copliance consume suplemen of tablet of iron suplemen of vitamin C with rate of haemoglobin in blood at female adolescent by p=0,001, (p<0,05) Considering to the number of female adolescent experiencing of anaemia is hence suggested to Institution of Education in storey level of SLTP and SMU shall perform suplemen of tablet of iron and suplemen of vitamin C self supportingly is adolescent so that female in institution of education earn mengkonsumsi easily. For organizer of Medicare of family in storey level of regency of tablet of iron shall and vitamin C passed to female adolescent in institution of education non as just project but representing routine aid. Keyword: iron tablet, Vitamin C, haemoglobyn rate, compliance consume suplemen

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:9885
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:03 May 2010 11:28
Last Modified:03 May 2010 11:28

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