HUBUNGAN TINGKAT SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DENGAN STATUS KELUARGA SADAR GIZI (Studi Pada Keluarga Balita di Kecamatan Sleman Kabupaten Sleman Tahun 2005)

DHAMAYANI , SUSANTI (2005) HUBUNGAN TINGKAT SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DENGAN STATUS KELUARGA SADAR GIZI (Studi Pada Keluarga Balita di Kecamatan Sleman Kabupaten Sleman Tahun 2005). Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Visi pembangunan gizi adalah mewujudkan keluarga mandiri sadar gizi untuk mencapai status gizi keluarga yang optimal. Untuk mendukung terwujudnya Visi Indonesia Sehat 2010, maka ditetapkan bahwa 80 % keluarga telah sadar gizi. Pada prinsipnya pelaksanaan sadar gizi oleh keluarga merupakan cermin dilaksanakannya PUGS (Pedoman Umum Gizi Seimbang). Keberhasilan menerappkan keluarga sadar gizi ditentukan oleh banyak faktor antara lain pendidikan, pengetahuan, pendapatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pendidikan, pengetahuan gizi ibu, status sosial ekonomi dengan status keluarga sadar gizi. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian korelasi, metode yang digunakan adalah survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Sleman,Kabupaten Sleman, Propinsi DI Jogyakarta dengan populasi adalah ibu yang mempunyai balita. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 96 orang ibu balita yang diambil secara acak. Untuk mengetahui hubungan pendidikan, pengatahuan , sosial ekonomi dengan status keluarga sadar gizi digunakan uji statistik Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden berpendidikan SLTA (46,9 %) dengan rata-rata pengeluaran untuk pangan sebesar Rp.421.486,00. Dilihat dari tingkat pengetahuannya, sebagian besar dikategorikan cukup (53,1 %), sedangkan cakupan keluarga sadar gizi sebesar 62,5 %. Hasil uji statistik Rank Spermean menunjukkan ada hubungan antara pendidikan ibu dan status keluarga sadar gizi(p=0,002), tidak ada hubungan antara status sosial ekonomi keluarga dan status keluarga sadar gizi(p=0,769), ada hubungan antara pengetahuan gizi ibu dan status keluarga sadar gizi (p=0,000). Dari keseluruhan proses penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pendidikan dan pengetahuan gizi dengan status keluarga sadar gizi, oleh karena kepada Dinas Kesehatan khususnya Puskesmas Sleman untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat khususnya bidang gizi. Materi lebih ditekankan pada indikator kadarzi yang hasil pencapaiannya paling rendah yaitu pemberian ASI eksklusif dan makan aneka ragam. Kata Kunci: Sosial Ekonomi, Keluarga, Pengetahuan gizi, Ibu, Kadarzi RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SOCIAL ECONOMICS FAMILY, KNOWLEDGE OF MOTHER'S NUTRITION AND THE CONSOSCIUS FAMILY STATUS OF NUTRITION (Study of children less than five years old of family in subdistrict of Sleman, Regency of Sleman at 2005) The perspective of nutrition development is to build the conscious self-supporting family of nutrition to reach the optimal status nutrition familiy. To support existing of Indonesian healthy perspective 2010 is hence determined that 80 % family has had a consious nutrition.In principles, the realization of consious nutrition by family is PUGS(Pedoman Gizi Seimbang) reflection. The efficiancy of applying the consious nutrion family is determined by many factors such as aducation, knowledge, and earnings. The research is aimed to know the relationship between education, knowledge of mother nutrition, economics social status and the conscious family of nutrition. The kind of research used is correlation research, method used is survey by the approach of cross sectional. This research is done in Sub District Sleman, Regency of Sleman, Province of Yogyakarta. The population is mother having children less than five years old. The sample is 96 mother having children less than five years old taken randomly. To know the relationship between aducation, knowledge, economic social and the conscious family status of nutrition is used by statistical test of Rank Spearman. The result of the research show many respondent having Senior High School education have latten the expenditure for the food = Rp. 421. 486,00. Based in its komledge level, most of them is "enough" categorized (53,1%), while coverage of family of conscious nutrition is 62,5 %. The result of Staistical Test of Rank Spearman shows there is relationship between mother education and conscious family status of nutrition (p=0,002), there is no relationship between status of social economics of family and conscious family status of nutrion (p=0,769), there is relationship between mother's knowledge of nutrition of conscious family status of nutrition (p=0,000). From inferential research process above, it can be concluded that there is significant relationship between education, nutrition knowledge and the conscious family status of nutrition. Therefore, to institution especially for Center the Health of Society Sleman is expepected to increase societys knowledge especially nutrition area. The items are more emphasized at indicating Kadarzi which result of its attainment is lowest that is giving the exclusive mother milk and the various foods . Keyword: Kadarzi economics social, family, nutrition knowledge, mother, Kadarzi

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:9532
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:28 Apr 2010 15:00
Last Modified:28 Apr 2010 15:00

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