HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DAN ASUPAN GIZI (PROTEIN, LEMAK, NATRIUM DAN SERAT) DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH DIASTOLIK

RUMIYATI, SITI (2006) HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DAN ASUPAN GIZI (PROTEIN, LEMAK, NATRIUM DAN SERAT) DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH DIASTOLIK. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Pembangunan yang dilaksanakan di Indonesia meningkatkan taraf hidup dan kualitas hidup namun berdampak negatif yaitu meningkatnya morbiditas penyakit pembuluh darah seperti hipertensi. Faktor risiko hipertensi antara lain adalah obesitas, yang dipengaruhi oleh asupan makanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan Indeks massa Tubuh (IMT) dan asupan gizi dengan tekanan darah diastolik, Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tekanan darah diastolik, Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian explanatory dengan metode Cross sectional. sampel yang diambil yaitu sebanyak 84 orang, diambil secara purposive. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data primer dan data sekunder. pngumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, recall makanan yang dikonsumsidengan menggunakan kuesioner, pengukuran berat badan, tinggi badan dan tekanan darah diastolik. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan IMT responden rata-rata 25,13+4,30, tingkat asupan protein rata-rata 118,06 % + % 32,04 % tingkat asupan lemak rata-rata 146,73 % +48,05 %, asupan natrium rata-rata 142,24 % +28,66 %, asupan serat rata-rata 16,23 g +5,19 g, dan tekanan darah diastolik rata-rata 84,52 mmhg +10,80 mmhg. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara IMT dengan tekanan darah diastolik(p=0,001). Tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat asupan protein dengan tekanan darah (p=0,741). Tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat asupan lemak dengan tekanan darah diastolik (p=0,522). Ada hubungan antara asupan natrium dengan tekanan darah diastolik (p=0,013). Ada hubungan antara asupan serat dengan tekanan diastolik (p=0,004). Untuk pencegahan terjadianya tekanan darah tinggi maka disarankan agar menjaga berat badan ideal, mengurangi konsumsi natriumdan memperbanyak makanan yang mengandung serat. Kata Kunci: Tekanan Darah Diastolik,IMT,Protein,Lemak,Natrium,Serat CORRELATIONS BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND NUTRENT INTAKE OF PROTENIN, FAT, NATRIUM, FIBER WITH DIASTOLIC BLOOC PRESSURE. Indonesia development have increased socual condition and quality of life. But on other hand it also brought negative side affect which is blood vessel diseases such as hypertension risk factors include obesity, which is influenced by food consumption. The purpose of this research is to correlate Body Mass Index (BMI) and nutrient intake with diastolc blood pressure. This is explanatory research using a cross sectional method. 84 subjects werw chosen purposively, Primary and secondary data were collected by interviews and food consumption recallusing standart questionnaires., weight, height and diastolicblood pressure were also measured. Descriptive analysis indicated thah the respondent average BMI was 25,13+4,30, averaga protein intake was 118,06 % +32,04 %, average fat intake was 146,73 % + 48,05 %, average natrium intake was 142,24 % + 28,66 %, average fiber intake was 16,23 g +5,19 g, and average diastolic blood pressure value was 84,52 mmHg. +10,80 mmHg. This research indicated a correlation between BMI with diastolic blood pressure (P = 0,001). There was no correlation between the rate of protein intake with diastolic blood pressure (p -0,741). There was no correlation between the rate of fat intake with diastolic blood pressure (P =0,522). There was a correlation between natrium intolic blood pressure (p = 0,013). There was a correlation between fiber intake with diastolic blood pressure (p =0,013). There was a correlation between fiber intake with diastolic blood pressure (p =0,004). To prevent high blood pressure, it was suggestedto stay in an indeal body weight, decrease natrium consumption and increase fiber intake. Keyword: Blood Pressure, BMI, Protein, Fat, Natrium, Fiber.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:9224
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:26 Apr 2010 14:37
Last Modified:26 Apr 2010 14:37

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