Struktur Komunitas Mollusca Bentik Berbasis Kekeruhan Di Perairan Pelabuhan Tanjung Emas Semarang

Hidayat, Jafron Wasiq and Baskoro, Karyadi and Sopiany, Rini (2004) Struktur Komunitas Mollusca Bentik Berbasis Kekeruhan Di Perairan Pelabuhan Tanjung Emas Semarang. BIOMA, 6 (2). pp. 53-56. ISSN 1410-8801

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Abstract

The breakwater of Tanjung Emas Seaport is designed to absorb seawave as well as increase ships stability. Such water stability will trigger the light and small particles to deposite onto the bottom of the water body, eventhough these are easily re-suspended and initiate to create turbidity. Turbididty is one factor affecting Mollusc community. In facing the global climate changes, there will be a seriuos problem triggering the turbidity of the seawater and so do the organims. Researh were aimed to study the benthic Mollusc community in different turbidity levels. Justified ramdom sampling was applied in 14 stations. Community structure of the molluscs were analized discriptively as well as through Shannon-Wiener (H’) and evenness (e) indeces. Result showed that turbidity in PTES varies between 06,750 — 45,250 Nm. Such qualities were relatively high range and can be tolerated by several given species, mainly Gafrarium tumidum, Nuculana acuta and Fyrene sp. These three above species could live within such high turbidity levels, since some of material are part of their diets without disturbing their respiration friction. The highest diversity index H’ was 1,68 and found in Station 5, which is in accordance with its highest turbididyt level 45,250 NYU. The smalest turbidity level occured in Station 8 and it was related to smaller diversity index (0,24). There was a tendency, the smaller the turbidity levels the smaller the diversity indices. Such relatonship was consistence to the other three stations, namely 9,10 and 11. Exception was found in Station 1, where different dominant species occured and diversity index was relatively high. It is believed these are related to the presence of warm outlet of Indonesia Power sewage reaching 32,5 centdegree.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tanjung Emas Seaport, Mollusca, Turbidity
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:Faculty of Science and Mathematics > Department of Biology
ID Code:860
Deposited By:Mr. Biologi Admin
Deposited On:01 Oct 2009 15:24
Last Modified:01 Oct 2009 15:31

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