COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES BETWEEN TAMIL AND HINDI LOANWORDS INTO INDONESIAN LANGUAGE (A STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE PHONOLOGY) A THESIS

Aprillianti, Linda (2019) COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES BETWEEN TAMIL AND HINDI LOANWORDS INTO INDONESIAN LANGUAGE (A STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE PHONOLOGY) A THESIS. Masters thesis, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya.

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Abstract

Indonesian Language has loanwords taken from various languages including Tamil and Hindi. These two Indian Languages have different phonological system, and so the loanwords taken from the two languages may undergo different phonological processes. This study focuses on phonological processes of Tamil and Hindi loanwords in Indonesian Language. It also aims at finding out the kinds of phonological processes and the factors influencing the occurrence of the processes. This study is also intended to explain the similarities and the differences of phonological processes between Tamil and Hindi loanwords. The data were collected using observation non participant method. After the data were selected, I transcribed those data phonetically using Indian language transcription tools. I compared them to the standard phonetic transcription in order to get the phonological processes. The results of the analysis show: (1) shortening, (2) weakening, (3) lowering, (4) monothongization, (5) velarization, 6) alveolarization, (7) trilling, (8) gliding, (9) epenthesis, (10) de-aspiration, (11) de-affrication, (12) consonant deletion, (13) vowel de-nasalization, (14) backing process, and (15) consonants strengthening. The main factor influencing the phonological process is the difference phonological system of Tamil, Hindi and Indonesian language. Bahasa Indonesia memiliki kata serapan dari berbagai Bahasa termasuk Tamil dan Hindi. Kedua Bahasa India ini memiliki system fonologi yang berbeda sehingga kata serapan yang berasal dari kedua Bahasa ini memungkinkan untuk mengalami proses fonologi. Penelitan ini berfokus pada kata serapan Bahasa Tamil dan Hindi ke dalan Bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan proses fonologi dalam kata serapan dari Bahasa Tamil dan Hindi dan factor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya proses fonologi. Penelitian ini juga dimaksudkan untuk mengungkap persamaan dan perbedaan proses fonologi yang berasal dari kata serapan Bahasa Tamil dan Bahasa Hindi. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data adalah observasi. Setelah data terkumpul, saya mentranskripnya kedalam bentuk fonetik menggunakan aplikasi transkripsi Bahasa India. kemudian membandingkan dengan transkripsi fonetis standar. Hasil dari analisis menunjukan adanya proses (1) pemendekan bunyi, (2) pelemahan bunyi, (3) perendahan bunyi, (4) monotongisasi, (5)velarisasi, (6) alveolarisasi, (7) perubahan bunyi trill, (8) proses peluncuran bunyi, (9) proses epentesis, (10) deaspirasi, (11) deafriksasi, (12) penghilangan bunyi konsonan, (13) proses perubahan bunyi nasal vokal, (14) proses perubahan bunyi vokal belakang, dan 15) proses penguatan bunyi konsonan. Faktor utama penyebab terjadinya proses fonologi adalah perbedaan system fonologi dari ketiga Bahasa tersebut.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P1-1091 Philology. Linguistics > P1-85 General
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Linguistic
ID Code:81036
Deposited By:mrs Perpustakaan FIB
Deposited On:23 Jul 2020 10:40
Last Modified:23 Jul 2020 10:40

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