Environmental and Risk Factors Leptospirosis : A Spatial Analysis in Semarang City

FAJRIYAH, SILVIANA NUR and UDIYONO, ARI and Saraswati, Lintang Dian (2017) Environmental and Risk Factors Leptospirosis : A Spatial Analysis in Semarang City. IOP Publishing.

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Official URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/journal/1755-1315

Abstract

Leptospirosis is zoonotic potentially epidemic with clinical manifesatations from mild to severe and and cause death. The incidence of leptospirosis in Indonesia tends to increase by the year. The case fatality rate in Semarang was greater than the national’s (9.38%). The purpose of this study was to describe the environmental risk factors of leptospirosis in Semarang spatially. The study design was descriptive observational with cross sectional approach. The population and samples in this study were confirmed leptospirosis in Semarang from January 2014 until May 2015, 88 respondents in 61 villages of 15 sub-districts in Semarang. The variables were environmental conditions, the presence of rats, wastewater disposal, waste disposal facilities, the presence of pets, the presence of rivers, flood’s profile, tidal inundation profile, vegetation, contact with rats, and Protected Personal Equipment/PPE utilization. Based on the spatial analysis, variables that found in the big half area of Semarang are environmental conditions, the presence of rats, wastewater disposal, waste disposal facilities, contact with rats, and PPE utilization. The presence of pets a risk, the presence of rivers, flood’s profile, inundation profile, and vegetation were found only in small half of Semarang area. People are expected to maintain their personal and environmental hygiene to prevent the transmission.

Item Type:Other
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:79751
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:24 Jan 2020 15:02
Last Modified:24 Jan 2020 15:02

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