The Prevalence of Lymphatic Filariasis in Elementary School Childre in Endemic Areas : a Baseline Survey Prior to Mass Drug Administration in Pekalongan District – Indonesia

Ginandjar, Praba and Saraswati, Lintang Dian and Suparyanto, Dedi and Sakundarno, Mateus and Supali, Taniawati (2018) The Prevalence of Lymphatic Filariasis in Elementary School Childre in Endemic Areas : a Baseline Survey Prior to Mass Drug Administration in Pekalongan District – Indonesia. Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

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Abstract

Backgound : WHO initiated lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination globally. Pekalongan District, as LF endemic area, started a program of mass drug administration (MDA) to combat LF in 2015. This study aimed to determine prevalence of Wucheria Bancroft infection prior to the MDA. Methods : LF infection was detected by the existence of circulating filarial antigen (CFA) W.bancroft using immunochromatographic card test (ICT). The study population consisted of 1404 elementary school (ES) students living in Pekalongan District. Overall, 1033 were selected as study subjects. Prevalence survey was also conducted on 436 general population in areas where infected students were found. Results : The subjects ranged from 7-17 yr old (mean 9.85±1.296) and equally distributed between both sexes. Prevalence of W.bancrofti infection was 1.98% in children. Infection was mostly found in older students (12 yr old), male, in 6th grade, but did not differ significantly different by school (P=0.009) and sub-district (P=0000). Most of children with LF infection were found in Tirto Sub District. In general population, the prevalence of W.bancroft infection in Tirto was 4.4%. Proportion of infection in males (12.2%) was greater than female (3.8%), with 78.9 pf positive cases were in adult over 20yr old. Conclusion : Cases of W. Bancroft infection exist in Pekalongan District, both in children and adults. Implementation of MDA must be carefully monitored in order to achieve elimination target.

Item Type:Other
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:79701
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:23 Jan 2020 12:00
Last Modified:23 Jan 2020 12:00

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