The Prevalence of Blood Borne Disease in the Community (A Cross Sectional Study in the District of Semarang)

Saraswati, Lintang Dian and Susanto, Henry Setyawan and UDIYONO, ARI and Ginandjar, Praba and Winarno, Teguh (2018) The Prevalence of Blood Borne Disease in the Community (A Cross Sectional Study in the District of Semarang). Institute of Medico-Legal Publications.

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Abstract

Blood borne disease is a disease that spreads through blood contamination. Pathogenic blood-borne pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms found in human blood (suvh as viruses, bacteria or parasites) and are capable of causing disease in humans. Blood-borne pathogens in general are hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). However, it rarely known data about them in community. This study aims to determine the prevalence of some diseases that are transmitted through the blood in the community that lived at the district of Semarang. This research was descriptive observational using a cross sectional approach. HIV are tested by using the CLIA (Chemi Lumination Immuno Assay) and ELISA methods using Diasorin Murex reagents where HIV with anti HIV. HCV and HBV are tested by using the CLIA (Chemi Lumination Immuno Assay) and ELISA methods using Diasorin Murex reagents where Hepatitis B with antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis C with anti HCV. The research subject is the population who live in the district of Semarang for at least one year. Samples were taken by using simple random sampling method. The number of blood samples obtained from 1421 people who have filled informed consent and stated willing to be the subject of research. The results showed that the prevalence of HIV was 0.9 per 100 population, prevalence of hepatitis B was 1.9 per 100 population, and prevalence of Hepatitis C 0.6 per 100 population. There was moderate prevalence of blood borne diseases in community. They are some factors related to the transmission of blood borne diseases in the community that need to determine further.

Item Type:Other
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:79698
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:23 Jan 2020 09:18
Last Modified:23 Jan 2020 09:18

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