Hidayat , Syarif T and Faradz, Sultana MH and Noor-Pramono, NP (2009) CYP19 VNTR POLYMORPHISM A RISK FACTOR IN ENDOMETRIOSIS. In: International Seminar and Workshop on Modern Biology and its applications: Focusing on Stem Cells and Human Genetics, 28-30 November 2009, Semarang, Indonesia.
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Endometriosis is defined by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity. Although the exact aetiology and pathogenesis is unclear, both environmental and genetic factors have been implicated in the disease. The role of genetic factors has been supported by familial and twin studies, however the exact genes that play a role in the susceptibility of development and progression of endometriosis are unknown. Preliminary reports have suggested that spesific alleles of a TTTA repeat which is located ~80nucleotides down stream from intron 4 of the human aromatase gene (CYP19) may be associated with differences in oestrogens dependent disease risk.The objective of this study is to investigate whether polymorphisms of CYP19 genes are associated with the risk of endometriosis. We analysed the frequency and distribution of a tetranucleotide (TTTA) tandem repeat polymorphism in intron 4 of the CYP19 gene. This cross-sectional study was done in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia. The patients were classified into two groups defined as the endometriosis (n = 20) or normallly women group (n =20 ) . The mean (± SD) ages were 26.3 ± 8.1 and 24.4 ± 7.7 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 20.9 ± 3.2 and 22.4 ± 3.2 kg/m2 respectively. The endometriosis group was classified into four different stage i.e. stages I and II were classified as non severe, while stages III and IV were classified as severe. Diagnosis of endometriosis confirm by laparoscopy or laparotomy and hystological finding. Controls consisted of 20 Javanese healthy women with no history of gynaecological disease. Intervention given were surgical, laparoscopic, and histological examination. Main Outcome Measure(s) is CYP19 polymorphism. The distribution of the TTTA repeat polymorphism of CYP19 were not significantly different between the groups (p=0,557). The CYP19 VNTR, located in intron 4(TTTA)10 allele homozygote increased the risk for endometriosis development (relative risks [RR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.51 to 2.95). The results suggest that the (TTTA)10 polymorphism of the CYP19 gene is weakly associated with the susceptibility of endometriosis in a Javanese population.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Endometriosis, polymorphism, CYP19|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics|
|Divisions:||School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Biomedical Science|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||31 Mar 2010 11:45|
|Last Modified:||31 Mar 2010 23:16|
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