Antimicrobial resistance among commensal isolates of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in the Indonesian population inside and outside hospitals

Lestari , E. S. and Severin , J. A and Filius, P. M. G. and Kuntaman , K. and Duerink, D. O. and Hadi, U. and Wahjono, H. and Verbrugh, H. A. (2008) Antimicrobial resistance among commensal isolates of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in the Indonesian population inside and outside hospitals. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, 27 . pp. 45-51. ISSN 10096-007-0396-z

[img]
Preview
PDF
139Kb

Abstract

The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among the commensal microflora was examined in the Indonesian population inside and outside hospitals. A total of 3,995 individuals were screened in two major urban centers. Among Escherichia coli from rectal samples (n= 3,284) the prevalence of resistance to ciprofloxacin and other classes of antibiotics was remarkably high, especially in individuals at the time of discharge from hospital. Staphylococcus aureus isolates (n=361) were often resistant to tetracycline (24.9%), but this was not associated with hospital stay. Two S. aureus isolates harbored the mecA gene. Regional differences in resistance rates exist, suggesting regional differences in selection pressure, i.e., antibiotic usage patterns. The results show that antimicrobial resistance among commensal E. coli and S. aureus has emerged in Indonesia

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Indonesian population inside and outside hospitals
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:7596
Deposited By:Mr. Kedokteran Admin
Deposited On:25 Mar 2010 12:47
Last Modified:25 Mar 2010 12:47

Repository Staff Only: item control page