PENGARUH DEBU TEMBAKAU TERHADAP FUNGSI PARU TENAGA KERJA DI BAGIAN PERAJANGAN PT. DJITOE INDONESIAN TOBACCO COY SURAKARTA

WIDYAWATI, SIGIT AMBAR (2004) PENGARUH DEBU TEMBAKAU TERHADAP FUNGSI PARU TENAGA KERJA DI BAGIAN PERAJANGAN PT. DJITOE INDONESIAN TOBACCO COY SURAKARTA. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Debu tembakau adalah debu yang dihasilkan selama proses perajangan dengan bahan baku berupa daun tembakau. Debu tembakau dapat menyebabkan penyakit akibat kerja yaitu tabakosis. Apabila debu tembakau dihisap oleh tenaga kerja maka dapat menyebabkan gangguan fungsi paru yang ditandai dengan penurunan fungsi paru (VC, FVC dan FEV 1). Debu yang tertimbun dalam paru akan menyebabkan fibrosis (pengerasan jaringan paru), sehingga dapat menurunkan kapasitas vital paru. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh debu tembakau terhadap fungsi paru tenaga kerja di bagian perajangan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive random sampling yaitu pengmabilan sample yang menggunakan kriteria-kriteria tertentu. Di dapatka sampel sebanyak 35 orang wanita yang bekerja di bagian perajangan. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan kuesioner dan pengukuran. Analisa bivariat dengan korelasi products moment dan dilanjutkan regresi linear tunggal. Dari hasil analisa bivariat diketahui bahwa ada pengaruh kadar debu terhadap kapasitas vital paru (VC p=0,03, FVC p=0,03 dan FEV1 p=0,05). Untuk mengurangi kasus terjadinya tabakosis pada tenaga kerja di bagian perajangan hendaknya perusahaan mencari alternatif pemecahan masalah dengan melakukan pemeriksaan exhaust fan secara berkala dan tenaga kerja hendaknya disiplin dalam memakai APD. Kata Kunci: DEBU TEMBAKAU, FUNGSI PARU, BAGIAN PERAJANGAN THE EFFECT OF TOBACCO DUST TO LUNGS A VITAL CAPACITY CUT WORKERS IN PT. DJITOE ITC SURAKARTA Tobacco dust that's produce at the process during cutter of tobacco leave, dust of tobacco can cause some desease bacause of work it's call tabaccosis. If tobacco dust has inhalation by workers can cause lungs disorder, it's sign by decreasing of lungs function (VC, FVC & FEV1). The dust has buried in a lungs can cause lung fibrosis than reduce lung elasticity. This research is doing to know tobacco dust influence to lungs function of cut workers with use analitic method has aspect explanatory research with method cross sectional approach, taking of sample using purposive random sampling is take a sample with some criteria's, and get sample's 35 female are work of there. The data were collected by interview with questioner and measurer. The statistical evaluation was done by bivariat analysis using correlation product moment than linear regretion. From bivariat analysis has knowing, there are effect of dust to lungs vital capacity (VC p=0,03, FVC p=0,03, FEV1 p=0,05). To less case of tobaccosis among at the workers, the company should be find a solution this problem with doing exhaust fan checking and workers must be obey to wear APD.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:7416
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:17 Mar 2010 13:28
Last Modified:17 Mar 2010 13:28

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