Raharjo, S. and Muryanto, S. and Jamari, J. and Bayuseno, A.P. (2016) Optimization of Calcium Sulfate Precipitated in the Laminar Flow Pipe through Response Surface Modeling of Temperature, Ca2+ Concentration and Citric acid Additives. Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 32 (6). pp. 3145-3154. ISSN ISSN : 0970 - 020X, ONLINE ISSN : 2231-5039
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Official URL: http://www.orientjchem.org/vol32no6/optimization-o...
This paper presents results of investigation of scaling of calcium sulfate (CaSO4) on metallic pipes. In this study, the optimizing variables; namely temperature (50-600C), concentration of Ca2+ (2000-3000 ppm), citric acid concentration (10-20 ppm) were set-up to provide the optimum yield of the mass scales. The mineral scale detected using XRD is mainly gypsum, and the scale has a plate like morphology under SEM examination. SRM (surface response methodology) prediction provided that the temperature is a significant factor, while the Ca2+ concentration and the citrate are insignificant variables determining the optimal condition of the mass scale yields. An optimized mass scale response of 119.99 mg was obtained at a temperature of 56.36 OC, concentration Ca2+ of 2649.21 ppm and citric acid concentration of 12.11 ppm, respectively. The addition of citric acid did not modify the crystal morphology, but may control the size of crystals.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Calcium sulfate; Surface response methodology (SRM); XRD/SEM analysis; Gypsum|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology|
T Technology > TS Manufactures
|Divisions:||Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering|
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
|Deposited By:||Mr. Sugeng Priyanto|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2019 21:12|
|Last Modified:||24 Aug 2019 14:23|
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