STRATEGI KEBERTAHANAN MASYARAKAT PETANI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG TERHADAP DEGRADASI LAHAN

RAHMAWATI, Isna and Rudiarto, Iwan (2019) STRATEGI KEBERTAHANAN MASYARAKAT PETANI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG TERHADAP DEGRADASI LAHAN. Masters thesis, School of Postgraduate.

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Abstract

Lahan merupakan salah satu faktor produksi yang memainkan peran penting dalam kegiatan pertanian di pedesaan. Namun di sisi lain, tingginya tingkat degradasi lahan terjadi akibat praktik pertanian yang tidak mengindahkan kaidah konservasi lahan. Dataran Tinggi Dieng merupakan wilayah pedesaan di pegunungan yang tidak lepas dari fenomena degradasi lahan. Degradasi lahan memperburuk kondisi lingkungan dan sosial-ekonomi masyarakat petani. Meningkatnya laju erosi dan meluasnya lahan kritis berpengaruh pada peningkatan intensitas kejadian bencana, penurunan produksi pertanian dan pendapatan usaha tani. Degradasi lahan mengancam keberlanjutan kehidupan dan penghidupan masyarakat yang sebagian besar bergantung pada sumberdaya lahan. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah mencapai kebertahanan masyarakat petani terhadap degradasi lahan melalui analisis kerentanan, kesiapsiagaan dan kebertahanan serta merumuskan strategi kebertahanan masyarakat petani. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuantitatif, penilaian kebertahanan dilakukan dengan menggunakan rumus kebertahanan sedangkan merumusan strategi kebertahanan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa secara keseluruhan kondisi kebertahanan masyarakat petani terhadap degradasi lahan rendah (0.56). Kebertahanan masyarakat petani Dataran Tinggi Dieng yang rendah (7.48) ini disebabkan karena rendahnya kesiapsiagaan masyarakat petani menghadapi kerentanan (13.34) akibat adanya degradasi lahan. Strategi yang perlu dikembangkan untuk kebertahanan masyarakat petani adalah peningkatan kegiatan konservasi lahan, menumbuhkan dan mengembalikan kesadaran masyarakat untuk berperilaku ramah lingkungan, meningkatkan kualitas SDM petani dan keluarga petani, dan meningkatkan keterpaduan, koordinasi dan pembagian peran antar stakeholder dalam penanganan masalah Dieng. Kata Kunci: Strategi, degradasi lahan, kebertahanan, kerentanan, kesiapsiagaan, masyarakat petani. Land is one of the production factors that plays an important role in agricultural activities in rural areas. On the other hand, high level of land is degraded as the result of agricultural practices that do not appropriate to the land conservation. Dieng Plateau is a rural mountain area which facing land degradation as well. Land degradation that occurs in a long time will impact the socioeconomic and environmental conditions. Increased soil erosion rates and widespread critical land have an effect on increasing the intensity of disasters, decreasing agricultural production and farming income. Land degradation threatens the livelihood sustainability of communities which is largely dependent on land resources. The main purpose of this research is to achieve resilience of farm families to land degradation through vulnerability, preparedness, resilience analysis and build resilience strategies of farm families. The method used in this study is a quantitative method, resilience assessment using resilience formula while building resilience strategies using SWOT analysis. The result showed that overall the resilience of Dieng Plateau farm families to land degradation was low (0.56). Low resilience of Dieng Plateau farm families is due to their low preparedness (7.48) in facing its vulnerability (13.34). The strategies that need to be developed for resilient farm families are increase land conservation activities, grow and bring back public awareness for eco-friendly behavior, improve the quality human resources of farm families, and improve integration, coordination and division of roles between stakeholders in handling Dieng Plateau environmental issues. Key words: strategy, land degradation, resilience, vulnerability, preparedness, farm families.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions:School of Postgraduate > Master Program in Environmental Science
ID Code:70542
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:12 Mar 2019 09:44
Last Modified:12 Mar 2019 09:44

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