STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN HABITAT PRIMATA DI KAWASAN WISATA TAMAN KERA KHDTK AEK NAULI, KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN

BARUS, Johni Arisantana and Hidayat, Jafron Wasiq and Maryono, Maryono (2019) STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN HABITAT PRIMATA DI KAWASAN WISATA TAMAN KERA KHDTK AEK NAULI, KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN. Masters thesis, School of Postgraduate.

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Abstract

Kawasan Wisata Taman Kera Kawasan Hutan Dengan Tujuan Khusus (KWTK KHDTK) Aek Nauli merupakan habitat siamang, beruk dan monyet ekor panjang sebagai penunjang Danau Toba sebagai KSPN super prioritas I. Siamang merupakan primata arboreal endemik Sumatera dengan status langka dan dilindungi. Hampir sepanjang tahun, beruk dan monyet ekor panjang yang merupakan primata semi arboreal mengalami kekurangan pakan sehingga keluar dari habitatnya dan beradaptasi perilaku menjadi hama pertanian dan pengemis makanan di pinggir jalan. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah penentuan strategi pengelolaan berkelanjutan habitat primata melalui identifikasi populasi primata, kondisi habitat, persepsi masyarakat yang akan menjadi informasi dasar strategi pengelolaan habitat. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada pertengahan Mei – pertengahan Agustus 2018. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode observasi (purposive sampling), ukuran populasi primata dengan metode titik terkonsentrasi, identifikasi vegetasi dengan metode garis berpetak (line transect), persepsi masyarakat melalui kuesioner, data kelembagaan dan organisasi melalui wawancara dengan petugas lapangan dan pengelola kawasan, dan studi literatur. Analisis data dilakukan dengan deskriptif kuantitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa siamang terdapat satu kelompok, seks rasio 1:1, natalitas 1, angka mortalitas berdasarkan struktur umur tidak dapat ditentukan. Beruk terdapat tiga kelompok dengan 66 individu, seks rasio 1:1,21, natalitas 1, mortalitas anak-remaja o,o5 dan remaja-dewasa 0,14. Monyet ekor panjang 23 individu dalam 3 kelompok, seks rasio 1:2,67, natalitas 0,625, mortalitas anak-remaja 0,2 dan remaja-dewasa 0,4. Vegetasi penyusun teridentifikasi 78 spesies dalam 39 family. Jenis dominan pada kelas pohon beringin (Ficus grossularoides Burm.f.) 17,05%, kelas tiang simarandaliman (Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC) 11,67%, kelas pancang demban-demban (Piper aduncum L) 15,11% dan pada tingkat semaian/tumbuhan bawah demban-demban (Piper aduncum L) 14,3%. Persepsi masyarakat Huta IV, Desa Sibaganding sangat positif dan positif. Faktor yang paling signifikan dalam pengelolaan habitat primata adalah pengayaan pakan habitus buah (X1). Strategi pengelolaan habitat primata di KWTK KHDTK Aek Nauli adalah a. Pengayaan pakan habitus buah, b. Sosialisasi kepada masyarakat dan c. Pengelolaan populasi. Kata Kunci: primata, habitat, pengelolaan, Kawasan Wisata Taman Kera Kawasan Hutan Dengan Tujuan Khusus Aek Nauli Apes Park Tourism Area Forest for Special Purpose Aek Nauli is a habitat for siamang, pig-tailed macaques and long-tailed monkeys to support Lake Toba as a top priority National Tourism Strategic Area. Siamang is an arboreal primate endemic to Sumatra with rare and protected status. For most of the year, macaques and long-tailed monkeys, which are semi arboreal primates, got a shortage of feed, leaving their habitat and adapting behavior to agricultural pests and food beggars. The main objective of this study was to determine the strategies for sustainable management of primate habitats through identification of primate populations, habitat conditions, community perceptions that would become basic information on habitat management strategies. The study was conducted in mid-May - mid-August 2018. Data was collected by observation method (purposive sampling), primate population with concentrated point method, vegetation identification with line transect method, community perception with questionnaires, institutions and organizations through interviews with field officers and area managers, and literature studies. Data analysis was done by quantitative descriptive. Based on the results, siamang one group, sex ratio 1:1, natality 1, mortality rates based on age structure could not be determined. Pig-tailed macaques in three groups with 66 individuals, sex ratio 1: 1.21, natality 1, mortality of children o, o5 and adolescents 0.14. Long-tailed macaques 23 individuals in 3 groups, sex ratio 1: 2.67, natality 0.625, mortality of children 0.2 and adolescents 0.4. Vegetation identified 78 species in 39 families. The dominant type of tree class beringin (Ficus grossularoides Burm.f.) 17.05%, the pole class are simarandaliman (Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC) 11.67%, the peg class are demban-demban (Piper aduncum L) 15.11% and seedling / Underwood are demban-demban (Piper aduncum L) 14.3%. The perception of the Huta IV local community, Sibaganding Village is very positive and positive. The most significant factor in the management of primate habitat is to enrichment of feed of fruit habitus (X1). Primate habitat management strategy at KWTK KHDTK Aek Nauli are: a. Feed enrichment of fruit habitus, b. Socialization to the local community and c. Population management. Keywords: primates, habitat, management, Tourism Area of Primate Park Forest With Special Purpose Aek Nauli

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:School of Postgraduate > Master Program in Environmental Science
ID Code:69893
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:25 Feb 2019 14:34
Last Modified:25 Feb 2019 14:34

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