HUBUNGAN ASUPAN BESI TOTAL, BESI HEM DAN BESI NON HEM DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA SISWI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI SANGGAU KALIMANTAN BARAT

HARIYADI, HARIYADI (2008) HUBUNGAN ASUPAN BESI TOTAL, BESI HEM DAN BESI NON HEM DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA SISWI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI SANGGAU KALIMANTAN BARAT. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Remaja putri merupakan kelompok usia yang rawan terhadap anemia. Anemia dapat dsebabkan oleh kekurangan zat gizi yang berperan dalam pembentukan hemoglobin. Pembentukan kadar hemoglobin dipengaruhi juga oleh komsumsi besi total, besi hem dan besi non hem. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan asupan besi total, besi hem dan besi non hem dengan kadar hemoglobin pada siswi Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Sanggua. Jenis penelitian ini adalah survey explanatory dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi adalah siswi Madraasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Sanggau 147 orang, yang kemudian diambil sampel sebanyak 60 orang secara Propartional stratified sampling. Pengambilan data asupan besi total, besi hem dan besi non hem dilakukan dengan recall 2x24 jam tidak berturut-turut, sedangkan kadar hemoglobin diukur dengan metode sianmethemoglobin. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji corelasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rerata asupan besi total perhari 8,99 mg ( +8,62 ), besi hem 1,38 mg ( +0,59. ), besi non hem 7,96 mg ( +8,79 ) dan rerata kadar hemoglobin 12,06 9/dl ( +1,63 ). hasil uji korelasi antara asupan absorbsi (protein dan vitamin C) menunjukkan r=-0,012 dan p=0,38, dan setelah dikontrol dengan variabel penghambat absorbsi (fitat dan kalsium) menunjukkan r=-0,13 dan p=0,35. Hasil uji korelasi antara asupan besi hem dan kadar hemoglobin setelah dikontrol dengan variabel pemacu absorbsi (protein dan vitamin C) menunjukkan r=-0,19 dan p=0,16, dan setelah dikontrol dengan variabel penghambat absorbsi (fitat dan kalsium) menunujukkan r-=0,12 dan p=0,37. Hasil uji korelasi antara asupan besi non hem dan kadar hemoglobin setelah dikontrol dengan variabel pemacu absorbsi (protein dan vitamin C) menunjukkan r=-0,84 dan p=0,54, dan setelah dikontrol dengan variabel penghambat absorbsi (fitat dan Kalsium) menunjukkan r=-0,78 dan p=0,57 Pada penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara asupan besi total, besi hem besi non hem dengan kadar hemoglobin sebelum dan sesudah dikontrol dengan variabel penggangu. Kata Kunci: Besi total, besi hem, besi non hem, kadar hemoglobin THE CORRELATIONS OF TOTAL IRON, HEME IRON, AND NON-HEME IRON INTAKES AND HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS WHO STUDIED AT STATE MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH IN SANGGAU, WEST KALIMANTAN Female adolescents are at risk of anamia. Anemia can be caused by lack of nutrients related to hemoglobin synthesis, including total iron, heme iron and non-heme iron intakes. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between total iron, heme iron and non-heme iron intakes and homoglobin levels on adelescent gir who studied at State Madrasah Tsanawiyah in Sanggau, West Kalimantan. this explanatory study used the coss sectional approach. The population of the study were 147 adolescent girils of state Madrasah Tsanawiyah students in Sanggau. Sixty subjectswere chosen randomly by propartional stratified sampling method. Data on total iron, heme iron and non-heme iron intakes were collected by 2x24 hour recall method. Hemoglobin levels were measured by cyanmethemoglobin method. Data was analyzed by correlation tests. The results showed that there was no crrelation between total iron (r=-0,19 p=0,16), heme iron (r=-0,07 p=0,58), non-heme iron(r=-0,16 p=0,23) and hemoglobin levels. After adjustment by iron absorption enhancers (protein and vitamin C) intakes, there was no correlation between total iron (r=-0,12 p=0,38), heme iron (r=-0,19 p=0,16), non-heme iron (r=-0,84 p=0,54) and hemoglobin levels. Afteradjustment by iron absorption inhibitors (phytate and calsium) intakes, there was no correlation between total iron (r=-013 p=0,35), heme iron (r=-0,12 p-0,37), non-heme iron (r=-0,78 p=0,57) and hemoglobin levels. Therefore in this stud, there was no correlation between total iron, heme iron, non-heme iron intakes and hemoglobin levels, beforedan after adjustment by iron absorption enhancers and inhibitors. Keyword:total iron, heme iron, non-heme iron, hemoglobin levels

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:6756
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:10 Feb 2010 11:58
Last Modified:10 Feb 2010 11:58

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