Reef Development on Artificial Patch Reefs in Shallow Water of Panjang Island, Central Java

Munasik, Munasik and Sugiyanto, Sugiyanto and Sugianto, Denny Nugroho and Sabdono, Agus (2018) Reef Development on Artificial Patch Reefs in Shallow Water of Panjang Island, Central Java. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 116 . ISSN 1755-1315

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Reef restoration methods are generally developed by propagation of coral fragments, coral recruits and provide substrate for coral attachment using artificial reefs (ARs). ARs have been widely applied as a tool for reef restoration in degraded natural reefs. Successful of coral restoration is determined by reef development such as increasing coral biomass, natural of coral recruits and fauna associated. Artificial Patch Reefs (APRs) is designed by combined of artificial reefs and coral transplantation and constructed by modular circular structures in shape, were deployed from small boats by scuba divers, and are suitable near natural reefs for shallow water with low visibility of Panjang Island, Central Java. Branching corals of Acropora aspera, Montipora digitata and Porites cylindrica fragments were transplanted on to each module of two units of artificial patch reefs in different periods. Coral fragments of Acropora evolved high survival and high growth, Porites fragments have moderate survival and low growth, while fragment of Montipora show in low survival and moderate growth. Within 19 to 22 months of APRs deployment, scleractinian corals were recruited on the surface of artificial patch reef substrates. The most recruits abundant was Montastrea, followed by Poritids, Pocilloporids, and Acroporids. We conclude that artificial patch reefs with developed by coral fragments and natural coral recruitment is one of an alternative rehabilitation method in shallow reef with low visibility.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:artificial patch reefs, reef development, Panjang Island, Central Java
Subjects:S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions:Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences > Department of Marine Science
ID Code:67438
Deposited By:Bayu Munandar
Deposited On:02 Dec 2018 20:12
Last Modified:04 Aug 2019 02:36

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