Biomonitoring on Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) Activities Using Macrobenthic Molluscs on Temeblas Island, Kepulauan Riau Province

M. Abyan Syuja, Abyan Biomonitoring on Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) Activities Using Macrobenthic Molluscs on Temeblas Island, Kepulauan Riau Province. Biomonitoring on Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) Activities Using Macrobenthic Molluscs on Temeblas Island, Kepulauan Riau Province, 1025 (012083). pp. 1742-6596.

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Abstract

Macrobenthic mollusks are considered a good aquatic bioindicator for environmental biomonitoring. This study was conducted in Tembelas Island, Karimun District, Kepulauan Riau Province, at 103o29’47’ - 103o29’90’ BT and 0.991o16’63’ - 0.989o06’37’ LS. The objective was to compare the quality of water and sediment at Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture (IMTA) sites, monocultural sites and reference sites using the community structure of mollusks, and to assess the potential of mollusks as bioindicator. The research was conducted in June and October of 2016. Data of abiotic parameters included the composition of sediment substrate and DO, pH, salinity, temperature and turbidity. The sampling procedure was performed with the use of an Ekman Grab. The animals obtained were 1 mm size-sieved and were fixed using 10% formalin for further analysis. In total there were 49 species and 2 classes obtained (Gastropods and Bivalves). The most prevalent genus were Costoanachis sp (Fam. Collumbellidae) and Anodontia sp (Fam. Lucinidae). The values of outcomes from indices used were considered low, ranging from 1.34 to 2.54 for diversity (H'), from 0.86 to 0.96 for evenness, and from 0.11 to 0.31 for dominance (C). Further analysis consisting of a multivariate approach and graphical methods of cluster analysis and Non- Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS) ordination showed differences between the assemblages in the aquacultural areas and the reference area. However, the tendency of grouping the stations between IMTA and monocultural sites did not occur, implying both sites have relatively similar structures of macrobenthic mollusks. Based on the data obtained, sediment composition at the KJABB IMTA, monocultural areas and the reference area were dominated by silt, with the highest value being 92.06% found in the KJABB IMTA area. Clay, silt and nitrogen levels were the abiotic factors influencing structure of macrobenthic mollusks (BIO-ENV-Primer 6.1.5; r = 0.571). Keywords: Macrobenthic mollusks, KJABB IMTA, Tembelas Island, Abiotic Component, Sediment

Item Type:Article
Subjects:S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions:Faculty of Science and Mathematics > Department of Biology
ID Code:65417
Deposited By:Alik Maulidiyah
Deposited On:01 Oct 2018 20:10
Last Modified:01 Oct 2018 20:10

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