TURNITIN C.4 (Mutagenic effects of gamma rays on soybean (Glycine max L.) germination and seedlings)

KUSMIYATI, Florentina and SUTARNO, Sutarno and SAS, M.G.A and HERWIBAWA, Bagus TURNITIN C.4 (Mutagenic effects of gamma rays on soybean (Glycine max L.) germination and seedlings). FPP UNDIP. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Narrow genetic diversity is a main problem restricting the progress of soybean breeding. One way to improve genetic diversity of plant is through mutation. The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of different dose of gamma rays as induced mutagen on physiological, morphological, and anatomical markers during seed germination and seedling growth of soybean. Seeds of soybean cultivars Dering-1 were irradiated with 11 doses of gamma rays (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320, 640, 1280, and 2560 Gy [Gray]. The research design was arranged in a completely randomized block design in three replicates. Results showed that soybean seed exposed at high doses (640, 1280, and 2560 Gy) did not survive more than 20 days, the doses were then removed from anatomical evaluation. Higher doses of gamma rays siginificantly reduced germination percentage at the first count and final count, coefficient of germination velocity, germination rate index, germination index, seedling height and seedling root length, and significantly increased mean germination time, first day of germination, last day of germination, and time spread of germination. However, the effects of gamma rays were varies for density, width, and length of stomata. The LD50 obtained based on survival percentage was 314.78 Gy. It can be concluded that very low and low doses of gamma rays (5-320 Gy) might be used to study the improvement of soybean diversity.

Item Type:Other
Subjects:A General Works > UNDIP Formal Documents
Divisions:Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences > Department of Agroecotechnology
ID Code:64557
Deposited By:Mr. Perpus FP Admin
Deposited On:10 Sep 2018 14:35
Last Modified:10 Sep 2018 14:35

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