Emotional and behavioral problems in late-identified Indonesian patients with disorders of sex development

Ediati , Annastasia and Faradz, Sultana M.H. and Juniarto , Achmad Zulfa and Ende , Jan van der (2015) Emotional and behavioral problems in late-identified Indonesian patients with disorders of sex development. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79 . pp. 76-84.

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate emotional and behavioral problems among Indonesian patients with disorders of sex development (DSD) who recently came under clinical management. As diagnostic proce-dures and treatment had been delayed, patients progressively developed ambiguous bodies, difficult to conceal from outsiders. Method: We compared 118 Indonesian patients with DSD aged 6–41 years (60 children, 24 adolescents, 34 adults) and 118 healthy control subjects matched for age, gender, and residential settings. We used the Child Be-havioral Checklist (CBCL), Youth Self-Report (YSR), and Adult Self-Report (ASR) to examine differences between patient and control groups as well as differences within patients groups. Results: On the CBCL, parents of young children with DSD reported significantly more emotional and behavioral problems than parents of matched control. Parents of daughters with CAH reported that their daughters withdrew themselves from social interactions. On the ASR, adults with DSD reported significantly more internalizing problems than controls, particularly anxiety and depression. No other differences in emotional functioning were found across different diagnostic groups. Conclusions: Indonesian patients with DSD who were untreated for most of their lives suffered more emotional and behavioral problems than matched controls. Differences and similarities between our findings and observations in patients from Western countries will be discussed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions:Faculty of Psychology > Department of Psychology
ID Code:63845
Deposited By:Ms Siti Yuanah Psikologi
Deposited On:27 Aug 2018 15:28
Last Modified:27 Aug 2018 15:28

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