DETERMINAN PENYUAPAN OLEH PERUSAHAAN MENENGAH DAN BESAR DI JAWA TENGAH

SUMARJIYANTO, Nugroho and Sugiyanto, FX and POERWONO, Dwisetia and KODOATIE, Johanna Maria (2012) DETERMINAN PENYUAPAN OLEH PERUSAHAAN MENENGAH DAN BESAR DI JAWA TENGAH. PhD thesis, Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

The study was motivated by the phenomenon gap, theoretical gap, and the research gap on corruption and bribery. The phenomenon gap that motivated this study is on one side all parties recognize the negative effects of corruption and bribery, but on the other hand the level of corruption in Indonesia is still high. While the theoretical gap is the presence of 2 (two) conflicting theories that are Efficient Grease Hypothesis which consider that it is more efficient for companies to bribe than to obey an official or bureaucratic procedures and Anti Efficient Grease Hypothesis that argues contrary. While the research gaps are: macro versus micro approach where the micro approach has not been done, supply versus demand-side approach in which the supply side approach has not been widely applied, the variables that affect the amount of bribes that have not been comprehensively analyzed, and the impact of bribery on the performance of companies that have not been widely studied. This study has 3 (three) objectives are: (1) to prove the validity of Efficient Grease Hypothesis Theory, (2) to analyze the factors that influence the amount of bribes paid by enterprises, and (3) to analyze the impact of bribery on firm performance. The sample of the study was 100 medium and large enterprises that are members of the Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) Branch of Central Java and the respondents are the leaders or the managers of that medium dan large enterprises. The data used are the primary data collected by questionnaires. The tools of analysis used is a simple linear regression and multiple linear regression. The results of the study indicate that the Efficient Grease Hypothesis Theory is not proven in the case of bribery paid by medium and large companies in Central Java Apindo members. The results for the factors that influence the amount of bribes paid by medium and large companies there are 7 (seven) varia ces, increased levels of public education, and modernization of administration in the public service. For further study, it is recommended to use a more accurate measure of the variable, similar studies must be done with larger samples, and the need for studies on the receiving bribes or government employees.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Doctor Program in Economics
ID Code:63453
Deposited By:Mr Endhar Priyo Utomo
Deposited On:09 Aug 2018 14:08
Last Modified:09 Aug 2018 14:08

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