ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA

ARIANI, Nur Anisa Eka and Kismartini, Kismartini (2018) ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL KARIMUNJAWA. Masters thesis, School of Postgraduate.

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Abstract

Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (TNKJ) sebagai satu-satunya kawasan konservasi laut yang ada di Provinsi Jawa Tengah menghadapi berbagai penurunan sumber daya alam hayati. Pengelolaan telah dilakukan oleh Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa dalam rangka melindungi kawasan dari degradasi. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis faktor – faktor yang mempengaruhi implementasi kebijakan pengelolaan TNKJ. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode kuantitatif, mengolah data kuesioner dengan bantuan software SPSS untuk menganalisis pengaruh faktor karakteristik program, sumber daya dan lingkungan kebijakan terhadap Implementasi Kebijakan Pengelolaan TNKJ. Pengelolaan TNKJ dilaksanakan dengan kebijakan 3P (perlindungan, pengawetan dan pemanfaatan). Kebijakan perlindungan dilaksanakan melalui kegiatan preemtif, preventif dan represif. Kebijakan pengawetan dilaksanakan melalui pengelolaan jenis tumbuhan dan satwa beserta habitatnya serta pemulihan ekosistem. Kebijakan pemanfaatan dilaksanakan melalui kegiatan penelitian dan pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan, pendidikan dan peningkatan kesadartahuan konservasi alam serta pemanfaatan jasa lingkungan dengan wisata alam. Terdapat pengaruh faktor karakteristik program terhadap implementasi kebijakan pengelolaan TNKJ sebesar 9%. Terdapat pengaruh faktor sumber daya terhadap implementasi kebijakan pengelolaan TNKJ sebesar 21,26% dan terdapat pengaruh faktor lingkungan kebijakan terhadap implementasi kebijakan pengelolaan TNKJ sebesar 5,95% serta terdapat pengaruh secara bersama – sama ketiga faktor terhadap implementasi kebijakan pengelolaan TNKJ sebesar 66,74%. Balai Taman Nasional Karimunjawa dalam melaksanakan kebijakan pengelolaan hendaknya memperhatikan faktor karakteristik program, faktor sumber daya dan faktor lingkungan kebijakan. Kata Kunci: Implementasi kebijakan; Konservasi; Taman Nasional Karimunjawa Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) as the only marine conservation area in Central Java Province has reduction in variety of biological resources. The management has been done by Karimunjawa National Park Authority in order to protect the area from degradation. The purpose of this research is to analyze the factors influencing policy implementation in managing of Karimunjawa National Park. The research was conducted by quantitative method, processing questionnaires data from 45 respondents helping by SPSS software to analyze three factor i.e program characteristics, resources and policy environment influencing policy implementation in managing of Karimunjawa National Park. KNP management is implemented with 3P policy (protection, preservation and utilization). The protection policy is implemented through preemptive, preventive and repressive activities. Preservation policies are implemented through the management of plant and animal species along with their habitats and ecosystem restoration. Utilization policy is implemented through research and development of science, education and raising awareness of nature conservation and the utilization of environmental services with nature tourism. The influence of program characteristic factors on the implementation of KNP management policy is 9%. The influence of resource factor on the implementation of KNP management policy is 21,26% and the influence of environmental policy factor on the implementation of KNP management policy is 5,95% and mutual influence of all three factors on the implementation of KNP management policy equal to 66,74%. Karimunjawa National Park Agency in implementing the management policy should consider the characteristics of the program factors, resource factors and environmental policy factors. Keywords: Implementation of policies; Conservation; Karimunjawa National Park

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Environmental Science
ID Code:62401
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:16 May 2018 15:03
Last Modified:16 May 2018 15:03

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