Synthesis of Rice Husk-Based Zeolit using Hydrothermal Method and Its Detergent Builder Properties

Alfiansyah, Alfiansyah and Arnelli, Arnelli and Astuti, Yayuk (2015) Synthesis of Rice Husk-Based Zeolit using Hydrothermal Method and Its Detergent Builder Properties. In: 5th International Seminar on New Paradigm and Innovation on Natural Sciences and Its Application (5th ISNPINSA) , 7-8 October 2015, ICT Centre Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Detergents are cleaning agents that consist of a complex formulation such as surfactants, builders, bleaching,fillers and other additives. Detergent builder that commonly used is sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP) that are unfriendly environmentally. One of the detergent builders that is more environmentally friendly is zeolite. Therefore, in the present work, zeolite was synthesized using hydrothermal method by varying the temperature and characterised its detergent builder properties. Zeolite was synthesized by mixing sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) and sodium aluminate NaAl(OH)4 with the presence of NaOH. Firstly, a mixture of sodium silicate and sodium aluminate formed sol and gradually become gel. After that, the gel had been treated by hydothermal for 7 hours at different temperatures: 50C,100C and 150C. Several characteristic techniques such as FTIR and XRD were applied to identify functional group and the crystal structure, respectively. Furthermore, the detergent builder properties were characterised using cation exchange capacity (CEC) and detergency test. The result showed that zeolite synthesized at 100C gave better washing capability than others. Keywords: zeolite, detergent, builder, rice husk, hydrothermal

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Science and Mathematics > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:62380
Deposited By:Mr Hasbi Yasin
Deposited On:16 May 2018 08:49
Last Modified:16 May 2018 08:52

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