The Role of Religious Group in Online Political Communication During 2014 Indonesia Presidential Election

Nurul, Hasfi (2017) The Role of Religious Group in Online Political Communication During 2014 Indonesia Presidential Election. In: SEASIA International Conference, 15-16 Desember 2017, Chulaloncorn University, Thailand. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Indonesia is one of the world’s largest democratic countries. It has 6 religions, in which Moslem is the majority religious group that usually has significant role in political process in Indonesia. The arrival of social media, Twitter, in 2006, has brought great impact in the way Indonesian people express it political opinion and expression. This study has aims to identify internet role in supporting the process of political democracy in Indonesia by focusing on the role of Internet in providing new space for religious groups for conducting political communication democratically. This study use Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to interpret texts of twitter (conversation, memes, figure, picture, graph, video, etc) produced for 2.5 months before the Indonesian presidential election 2014. The result of the study show that; 1) Muslims dominate the production of political discourse on Twitter. The domination was done in some mechanisms including; a) the exploitation of Muslim identity as a means of legitimacy for constructing ideal presidential candidates; b) the exploitation of religious leader (Ulama/ Kyai) and Islamic values to gain support; 2) On the other hand, the study also uncover marginalization over minority religion particularly Chatolic, Shi’a, Ahmadiyah. The marginalization operates under some mechanisms, including; a) the labeling of the minority religious group by using term ‘non-Muslim’; b) the excluding of the minority religious group in the political debate. Buddhist and Hindu were not included in the political communication conversation. From perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis, I urgue that the radical Islamic discourse reflect political power that might dominantly used in every political contestation and mobilization in Indonesian future political event particularly during general election.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > P1-1091 Philology. Linguistics > P87-96 Communication. Mass media
Divisions:Faculty of Social and Political Sciences > Department of Communication
ID Code:58644
Deposited By:Ms Nurul Hasfi
Deposited On:28 Dec 2017 22:30
Last Modified:28 Dec 2017 22:30

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