Hypothyroidism in an Area of Endemic Goiter and Cretinism in Central Java, Indonesia

Goslings, B M and Djokomoeljanto, Robert and Docter, R and Van Hardeveld, C and Hennemann, G and Smeenk, D and Querido, A (1976) Hypothyroidism in an Area of Endemic Goiter and Cretinism in Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 44 (3). pp. 481-490.

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In an area of severe endemic goiter in Central Java, Indonesia, clinical overt or mild hypothyroidism appeared to be present in 7 out of 20 cretins and also in 12 out of 94 non-cretinous subjects, all 5–20 years of age, living in the village of Sengi. Hypothyroidism was not found in a control group of 70 subjects of the same age living in Londjong just outside the edemia. In hypothyroid subjects the plasma PBI-concentration was 0.98 ± 0.32 µg/100 ml (mean ± SD) vS 2.72 ± 1.24 µg/100 ml in euthyroid subjects from Sengi and 4.86 ± 0.80 µg/100 ml in controls from Londjong. Values for T3 were 56.3 ± 31.7 ng/100 ml in hypothyroids, 140.5 ± 38.5 ng/100 ml in euthyroids from Sengi and 121.6 ± 27.4 ng/100 ml in controls. The TSH levels (geometric mean and range) in these 3 groups were, respectively, 210.1 (108.0–342), 15.6(3.0– 372) and 4.1 (0.8–7.0) µU/ml. The differences between themean concentration of PBI, T3 and TSH in the hypothyroid and euthyroid groups were highly significant (P < 0.001). These data strengthen the clinical diagnosis of hypothyroidism in cretins as well as in non-cretinous subjects. All hypothyroid subjects had a PBI < 1.8 µg/100 ml and T3 < 120 ng/100 ml and TSH < 100 µU/ml. In 8 hypothyroid subjects, restudied 18 months after iodized oil injection, hypothyroidism was either corrected or markedly improved. It therefore appears that iodine deficiency per se in post natal life may lead to (juvenile) hypothyroidism, which can be corrected by iodine therapy. Our findings have implications for the definition and diagnosis of endemic cretinism. Not all hypothyroid subjects in an area of endemic iodine deficiency should be classified as cretins.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:553
Deposited By:Mr. Sugeng Priyanto
Deposited On:10 Sep 2009 13:59
Last Modified:10 Sep 2009 13:59

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