PENGARUH PIJAT AROMATERAPI TERHADAP TINGKAT STRES DAN KADAR INTERLEUKIN-6 IBU POSTPARTUM PRIMIPARA DI KOTA SEMARANG

WIDIASTUTI, Dhias and HADI, Hadi and SANTJAKA, Aries (2016) PENGARUH PIJAT AROMATERAPI TERHADAP TINGKAT STRES DAN KADAR INTERLEUKIN-6 IBU POSTPARTUM PRIMIPARA DI KOTA SEMARANG. Masters thesis, Postgraduate Program .

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Abstract

Latar Belakang. Angka kejadian stres postpartum adalah 11–30%. Tingkat stres yang tinggi selama postpartum ini memiliki pengaruh kuat pada adaptasi ibu selanjutnya serta beresiko terjadi inflamasi. Tujuan. Mengetahui pengaruh pijat aromaterapi terhadap tingkat stres dan kadar interleukin-6 ibu postpartum primipara di Kota Semarang. Metode. Quasy experimental, rancangan non equivalent control group design dengan teknik consecutive sampling. Sampel adalah ibu postpartum di Kota Semarang yang memenuhi syarat. Total sampel 40 responden terbagi dalam 4 kelompok dan tiap kelompok 10 responden. Pada kelompok 1 diberikan pijat, kelompok 2 aromaterapi, kelompok 3 pijat aromaterapi dan kelompok 4 adalah kelompok kontrol. Pengukuran tingkat stres menggunakan kuesioner DASS dan IL-6 menggunakan ELISA. Analisis data tingkat stres menggunakan wilcoxon dan kruskal wallis sedangkan IL-6 menggunakan paired sample test dan one way anova. Hasil. Tingkat stres setelah perlakuan pada kelompok pijat, aromaterapi dan pijat aromaterapi terbanyak adalah kategori tidak stres dan pada kelompok kontrol terbanyak adalah kategori stres ringan, sedang dan berat. Ada pengaruh pijat, aromaterapi dan pijat aromaterapi terhadap tingkat stres dengan tiap p-value = 0,024, ada perbedaan tingkat stres pada keempat kelompok dengan p < 0,05 dari keempat kelompok yang paling memberikan pengaruh mengurangi tingkat stres adalah perlakuan pijat dan perlakuan pijat aromaterapi dengan p-value = 0,014. Pada IL-6 setelah diberikan perlakuan didapatkan kadar tertinggi pada pijat adalah 23,658 pg/mL, pada aromaterapi 45,643 pg/mL, pada pijat aromaterapi 23,020 pg/mL sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol 55,051 pg/mL. Uji analisis didapatkan hasil ada pengaruh pijat, aromaterapi, pijat aromaterapi terhadap kadar IL-6 (pvalue = 0,000). Ada perbedaan kadar IL-6 pada keempat kelompok (p < 0,05) dan perlakuan pijat, aromaterapi dan pijat aromaterapi, memberikan pengaruh yang sama dalam menurunkan kadar IL-6. Kesimpulan. Pijat, aromaterapi dan pijat aromaterapi berpengaruh menurunkan tingkat stres dan menurunkan kadar interleukin-6 ibu postpartum primipara di Kota Semarang. Kata kunci : Postpartum primipara, pijat, aromaterapi, pijat aromaterapi, tingkat stres, kadar interleukin-6 Background of the Study. The amount of stress postpartum incidence is 11-30%. This high levels of stress during postpartum had a strong influence on the subsequent maternal adaptation and risk of inflammation. Purpose of the Study. To find out the effect of aromatherapy massage toward the stress and interleukin-6 levels primiparas postpartum mothers in the Semarang. Methodology. Quasy experimental, designed by non equivalent control group design with consecutive sampling technique. The samples of the study are eligible postpartum mother in Semarang. Total samples are 40 respondents divided into four groups and each group consists of 10 respondents. In the first group is given a massage, group 2 with aromatherapy, group 3 with aromatherapy massages, and group 4 as the control group. The measurement of stress levels uses a questionnaire DASS and IL-6 using ELISA. The data analysis of stress level uses the Wilcoxon and Kruskal Wallis test, while IL-6 uses paired sample test and one way ANOVA. Results of the Study. The stress levels in the group of massage, aromatherapy and aromatherapy massage after treatment is on the category of without stress, while in the control group there are category of mild stress, moderate and severe. There is an effect of massage, aromatherapy and aromatherapy massage toward the stress levels with each p-value = 0.024, there are differences in the level of stress in all four groups with p <0.05 from the four groups which most influence on the reduction of stress levels are massage treatments and aromatherapy massage treatment with p-value = 0.014. On the IL-6, after being given treatment, it is obtained the highest levels at the massage are 23.658 pg / mL, at aromatherapy 45.643 pg / mL, at the aromatherapy massage 23.020 pg / mL, while at the control group 55.051 pg / mL. Test analysis shows there is an effect of massage, aromatherapy, aromatherapy massage on levels of IL-6 (p-value = 0.000). There are differences in the levels of IL-6 toward all four groups (p <0.05) and massage treatments, aromatherapy and aromatherapy massage are having the same effect in reducing the levels of IL 6. Conclusion. Massages, aromatherapy and aromatherapy massage affect in reducing stress levels and lower levels of interleukin-6 primiparas postpartum mothers in Semarang. Keywords: Primiparas postpartum, massage, aromatherapy, aromatherapy massage, stress levels, levels of interleukin-6

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:51355
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:06 Jan 2017 09:07
Last Modified:06 Jan 2017 09:07

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