EFEKTIVITAS GEL LIDAH BUAYA SEBAGAI BAHAN ALTERNATIF TINDAKAN KEPERAWATAN PADA XEROSIS DAN PRURITUS PENDERITA GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK (DI RSUD KOTA SEMARANG)

KHOIRINI, Fatimah and ANIES, Anies and MARDIYONO, Mardiyono (2016) EFEKTIVITAS GEL LIDAH BUAYA SEBAGAI BAHAN ALTERNATIF TINDAKAN KEPERAWATAN PADA XEROSIS DAN PRURITUS PENDERITA GAGAL GINJAL KRONIK (DI RSUD KOTA SEMARANG). Masters thesis, Postgraduate Program .

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Abstract

Penatalaksanaan pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik (GGK) yaitu pengobatan segera terhadap infeksi untuk mencegah infeksi sampai ke ginjal karena pasien mengalami penurunan imunitas. Pasien GGK hampir semua memiliki gangguan dermatologis, diantaranya xerosis dan pruritus. Penanganan farmakologis banyak menimbulkan efek samping. Salah satu bahan alami adalah lidah buaya. Lidah buaya sebagai pelembab, antibiotik dan mengatasi rasa gatal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa efektifitas gel lidah buaya sebagai bahan alternatif tindakan keperawatan pada xerosis dan pruritus penderita GGK.Jenis penelitian ini adalah Eksperiment menggunakan pre test post test control group design, tehnik pengambilan sampel dengan random sampling. Jumlah responden 36 orang yaitu : 18 orang kelompok kontrol pemberian lotion kulit gel placebo 2 kali sehari setelah mandi selama 3 hari dan 18 orang kelompok eksperiment dengan pemberian gel lidah buaya 2 kali sehari setelah mandi selama 3 hari. Observasi menggunakan lembar observasi modifikasi Akhyani dan rumus pruritus Stahl-backdahl. Dianalisis dengan uji paired sample T-test. Hasil Uji statistik menunjukkan ada perbedaan bermakna xerosis dan pruritus sebelum dan sesudah pemberian gel lidah buaya dengan nilai xerosis (p = 0.000) dan nilai pruritus (p=0.000). Implikasi dari penelitian ini adalah Gel lidah buaya bisa dipertimbangkan menjadi bahan alternatif tindakan keperawatan pada xerosis dan pruritus penderita GGK. Kata kunci : Gel lidah buaya, Pruritus, Xerosis The management of patients with Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is the immediate treatment of the infection to prevent infection to the patient's kidney due to decreased immunity. CRF patients almost all have dermatological disorders, including xerosis and pruritus. Pharmacological treatment causes a lot of side effects. One natural ingredient is aloe vera. Aloe vera as a moisturizer, antibiotics and as well itching. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of aloe vera gel as a material alternative to nursing implementations in xerosis and pruritus CRF patients in Semarang hospitals. This type of research is experiment with using pretest posttest control group design, selection sampling with random sampling taking random table. The number of respondents 36 people, that are 18 people giving the control group a placebo gel skin lotion 2 times daily after bath for 3 days and 18 people experimental group with the administration of aloe gel 2 times daily after bath for 3 days. Observations using Akhyani modifications observation sheet and formula Stahl-Backdahl pruritus. Xerosis and pruritus difference in the two groups were analyzed by paired samples T-test, while the relationship with the respondent characteristics xerosis and pruritus were analyzed by independent sample T-test and corelations. Statistical test results showed no significant difference xerosis and pruritus before and after administration of aloe vera gel with xerosis value (p = 0.000) and the value of pruritus (p = 0.000).The implication of this study is the Aloe vera gel can be considered to be alternatives to nursing implementations xerosis and pruritus patients with CRF. Keywords : Aloe vera gel , Pruritus, xerosis

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:51313
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:04 Jan 2017 15:27
Last Modified:04 Jan 2017 15:27

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