STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN KAWASAN MANGROVE DI KECAMATAN SINGKAWANG BARAT KOTA SINGKAWANG PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

NINGSIH, Widya and Anggoro, Sutrisno and Kismartini, Kismartini (2016) STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN KAWASAN MANGROVE DI KECAMATAN SINGKAWANG BARAT KOTA SINGKAWANG PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT. Masters thesis, Postgraduate Program .

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Abstract

Kawasan mangrove merupakan kawasan yang sangat rentan terhadap kerusakan. Keterlibatan semua stakeholders yaitu pihak Pemerintah dan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan mangrove perlu dilakukan mengingat banyak sekali manfaat yang diberikan oleh kawasan mangrove bagi manusia dan lingkungan pesisir. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengkaji kondisi kawasan mangrove, mengkaji persepsi dan peran serta stakeholders terhadap upaya pengelolaan lingkungan kawasan mangrove dan merumuskan strategi pengelolaan lingkungan kawasan mangrove yang berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan pengolahan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kawasan mangrove di Kelurahan Kuala, Kecamatan Singkawang Barat memiliki keragaman jenis dan kerapatan yang sangat rendah. Selain itu kawasan ini juga telah memiliki fasilitas jembatan dan pondok bersantai di dalamnya. Persepsi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan mangrove masih rendah, namun masyarakat bersedia untuk terlibat dalam upaya pengelolaan mangrove. Dukungan pemerintah terhadap kegiatan pengelolaan mangrove tinggi walaupun kegiatan belum dilakukan secara optimal. Berdasarkan hasil perumusan didapatkan delapan strategi pengelolaan lingkungan kawasan mangrove yang dapat dilakukan, yang terdiri dari empat strategi utama yaitu (1) Meningkatkan SDM terkait dengan pengelolaan mangrove; (2) Menetapkan regulasi zonasi kawasan mangrove; (3) Memaksimalkan pengelolaan dengan melibatkan seluruh komponen masyarakat dan pemerintah dan (4) Melakukan penanaman dan pengkayaan jenis mangrove. Serta empat strategi pendukung yaitu (1) Menambah papan informasi dan papan peringatan; (2) Mendorong pengembangan wisata mangrove; (3) Memasang alat penjebak sampah serta (4) Menambah fasilitas kebersihan dan menyiapkan pengelolaan sampah yang berkelanjutan. Strategi pengelolaan lingkungan kawasan mangrove ini harus segera dapat diwujudkan dengan melakukan skala prioritas sehingga dapat mengurangi tekanan negatif terhadap lingkungan kawasan mangrove, baik yang berasal dari faktor alam maupun manusia. Kata Kunci: Mangrove, Kuala, Strategi Pengelolaan Mangrove area is particularly vulnerable to damage. The role of government and community in environmental management is needed because many benefits provided by the mangrove areas and coastal environment. The purpose of this study were to assess the condition of the mangrove area in the district of West Singkawang in Singkawang City, analyze perception and participation of stakeholders towards environmental management efforts of this mangrove area, and formulate strategies for a sustainable management of mangrove areas. The results showed that mangrove area in Kuala Village, West Singkawang District have a very low diversity and density. Community knowledge on the management of mangroves is still low, however they are willing to get involved in mangrove management efforts. Environmental management on this mangrove area has not conducted yet, therefor there should be strategies to manage this area in a sustainable manner. There are eight recomended environmental management strategies to this mangrove areas, consists of four main strategies: (1) Improving human resources skill in the mangrove management; (2) Establish zoning regulstions of mangrove areas; (3) Maximizing the management by involving the entire community and governments, and (4) Cultivation and enrichment of mangrove species. Another four strategies are supporting strategies: (1) Adding information boards and warning signs; (2) Encouraging the development of mangrove tours; (3) Installing trap waste tool, and (4) Addition to sanitary facilities and sustainable waste management. Environmental management strategies of this mangrove area should immediately realized by implementing the priorities to minimize negative pressures on the environment of this mangrove area arising from both natural and human factors. Keywords : Mangrove, Kuala, Management Strategy

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Environmental Science
ID Code:51171
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:29 Dec 2016 15:23
Last Modified:29 Dec 2016 15:23

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