PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN Salvinia molesta FERMENTASI DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP STATUS ERITROSIT DAN LEUKOSIT ITIK PENGGING EFFECT OF FERMENTED Salvinia molesta IN THE RATION ON THE NUMBER OF ERYTHROCYTES AND LEUKOCYTES OF PENGGING DUCK

Isroli, Isroli and Arif, A. and Suprijatna, Edjeng (2015) PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN Salvinia molesta FERMENTASI DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP STATUS ERITROSIT DAN LEUKOSIT ITIK PENGGING EFFECT OF FERMENTED Salvinia molesta IN THE RATION ON THE NUMBER OF ERYTHROCYTES AND LEUKOCYTES OF PENGGING DUCK. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi dan Agribisnis Peternakan (Seri III) . pp. 237-241. ISSN ISBN 978-602-1004-09-8

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan Salvinia molesta dalam ransum itik Pengging . Materi yang digunakan antara lain DOD itik Pengging 80 ekor, bahan ransum yang terdiri tepung Salvinia molesta, bekatul, jagung kuning, bungkil kedelai,tepung ikan, minyak nabati, methionin, lysin, dan premix. Itik mendapat perlakuan selama 10 minggu yang berupa T0 (ransum tanpa Salvinia molesta), T1 (ransum menggunakan Salvinia molesta tanpa fermentasi 15%), T2 (ransum menggunakan Salvinia molesta fermentasi 15%), T3 (ransum menggunakan Salvinia molesta fermentasi 17,5%), dan T4 (ransum menggunakan Salvinia molesta fermentasi 20%). Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap 5 perlakuan 4 ulangan, setiap unit terdiri 4 ekor.Untuk pengukuran parameter diambil 1 ekor itik secara acak dari setiap unit percobaan. Parameter yang diamati meliputi jumlah eritrosit, MCV (mean corpuscular volume), MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin), MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration), RDW (RBC distribution width), jumlah leukosit dan trombosit, selanjutnya data-data tersebut dianalisis keragamnnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan Salvinia molesta dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap semua parameter yang diukur. Rataan eritrrosit untuk perlakuan T0, T1, T2, T3 dan T4 masing-masing 2,47, 2,56, 2,39, 2,90, dan 2,65 juta sel/mm3, MCV masing-masing 158,25, 151,50, 154,15, 151,122, dan 150,92 fl, MCH masing-masing 52,15, 46,65, 48,77, 49,17, dan 46,8 ρg, MCHC masing-masing 33,07, 30,65, 31,67, 32,6, dan 30,95 g/dl, RDW masing-masing 8,17, 8,20, 7,52, 7,40, dan 8,5%. Rataan leukosit masing-masing 176,86, 199,09, 139,48, 203,21, dan 262,19 ribu sel/mm3, trombosit masing-masing 3,50, 1,00, 1,25, 2,05, dan 2,25 ribu sel/mm3. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan Salvinia molesta dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap status eritrosit dan leukosit darah itik Pengging. Kata kunci : Itik Magelang, Salvinia molesta, eritrosit, leukosit. The study aimed to investigate the effect of fermented Salvinia molesta in the ration on the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes of Pengging duck. Eighty day old duck (DOD) of Pengging duck and diet consisting of Salvinia molesta powder, rice bran, yellow maize, soybean meal, fish meal, vegetable oil, methionin, lysin and premix were employed in the study. Along 10 weeks, the ducks were provided with the experimental rations including T0 (ration without Salvinia molesta), T1 (ration with 15% unfermented Salvinia molesta), T2 (ration with 15% fermented Salvinia molesta), T3 (ration with 17.5% fermented Salvinia molesta), and T4 (ration with 20% fermented Salvinia molesta). Data were analyzed according to randomized complete design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates (4 birds for each replicate). Parameters observed in the study were number of erythrocytes, MCV (mean corpuscular volume), MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin), MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration), RDW (RBC distribution width), number of leukocytes and trombosit. Results showed that administration of Salvinia molesta in the rations had no impact on the entire observed parameters. The means of erythrocytes were 2.47, 2.56, 2.39, 2.90 and 2.65 million cells/mm3 for T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. MCV were 158.25, 151.50, 154.15, 151.122 and 150.92 fl, MCH were 52.15, 46.65, 48.77, 49.17 and 46.8 ρg, MCHC were 33.07, 30.65, 31.67, 32.6 and 30.95 g/dl, RDW were 8.17, 8.20, 7.52, 7.40 and 8.5%. The means of leukocytes were 176.86, 199.09, 139.48, 203.21, dan 262.19 thousand cells/mm3, trombosit were 3.50, 1.00, 1.25, 2.05 and 2.25 thousand cells/mm3. In conclusion, administration of Salvinia molesta in the ration did not affect the numbers of erythrocytes and leukocytes of Pengging duck. Keywords: Pengging duck, Salvinia molesta, erythrocytes, leukocytes

Item Type:Article
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions:Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences > Department of Animal Agriculture
ID Code:50970
Deposited By:Mr. Perpus FP Admin
Deposited On:20 Dec 2016 08:03
Last Modified:20 Dec 2016 08:03

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