FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS KENDURUAN, KABUPATEN TUBAN

Santosa, Lingga Hageng Kurnia and Chasani, Shofa and Pramudo, Setyo Gundi (2016) FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS KENDURUAN, KABUPATEN TUBAN. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Background: One non-communicable diseases are becoming an important health problem throughout the world is hypertension, due to its prevalence is high and rising. hypertension associated with the incidence of cardiovascular disease, stroke, retinopathy, and kidney disease. Objective: For knowing the relationship of hypertension risk factors on the incidence of hypertension grade 1 and grade 2 in patients who seek treatment at health centers Kenduruan, Tuban, East Java. Methods: This research type is analytic observational study with cross sectional approach. The subjects in this study amounted to 75 respondents who suffer from hypertension. The research was conducted in the health centers Kenduruan, Tuban, East Java in March 2016. Samples were taken by consecutive sampling. Data were obtained through questionnaires and direct interviews and physical examinations of blood pressure, height, and weight measurement. Data analysis was carried out in stages include univariate analysis, bivariate analysis using Chi-square test, and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression test of Backward Stepwise method (Likelihood Ratio) on SPSS program. Results: The statistical test result with multiple logistic regression did not show any difference between the risk factors of hypertension stage I and stage II in the community health center Kenduruan, District Kenduruan, Tuban. With family history (p = 0,586; OR = 1,36 dan 95% CI = 0,449 – 4,117), age ( p = 1,000; OR = 1,131 dan 95% CI = 0,27 – 4,72), smoking (p = 1,000; OR = 0,94 dan 95% CI = 0,18 – 5,05), obesity (p = 0,749; OR = 1,18 dan 95% CI = 0,33 – 4,28), gender( p = 0,725; OR = 0,69 dan 95% CI = 0,19 – 2,54), salt intake (p = 1,000; OR = 0,5 dan 95% CI = 0,06 – 4,35), fat intake (p = 0,72; OR = 0,082 dan 95% CI = 0,11 – 2,8 ), physical activity (p = 0,003; OR = 4,32; 95% CI = 1,28 – 14,58 ) dan alcohol intake (p = 1,000 ). Conclusion: Family history, age, smoking, obesity, gender, salt intake, fat consumption, physical activity and alcohol consumption was not obtained as a result of different risk factors hypertension stage I or stage II. Keywords: Hypertension stage I, hypertension stage II, risk factor

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:50719
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:02 Nov 2016 11:42
Last Modified:02 Nov 2016 11:42

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