PERANCANGAN ROKET KENDALI SISTEM RECORDER DATA DENGAN USER INTERFACE PROCESSING ( ROCKET DESIGN OF CONTROL SYSTEM USER INTERFACE RECORD WITH DATA PROCESSING )

Wibowo, Dimas Wildan and Mangestiyono, Wiji (2016) PERANCANGAN ROKET KENDALI SISTEM RECORDER DATA DENGAN USER INTERFACE PROCESSING ( ROCKET DESIGN OF CONTROL SYSTEM USER INTERFACE RECORD WITH DATA PROCESSING ). Undergraduate thesis, D3 Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik.

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Abstract

Roket merupakan wahana luar angkasa, peluru kendali, atau kendaraan terbang yang mendapatkan dorongan melalui reaksi roket terhadap keluarnya secara cepat bahan fluida dari keluaran roket. Pengembangan teknologi roket di Indonesia bisa digunakan untuk menunjang perkembangan teknologi makro seperti telekomunikasi, transportasi, klimatologi, penginderaan jauh bahkan pertahanan dan keamanan negara. Dalam perencanaan roket kendali ini bertujuan untuk mendesain dan merencanakan body roket dengan memperhitungkan distribusi muatan yang dibawa oleh roket, titik berat vertikal maupun horizontalnya, kemungkinan hambatan-hambatan yang dialami selama proses uji coba peluncuran, memperhitungkan daya motor yang cocok digunakan, dan analisa kinematika yang berupa lintasan parabola. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi pustaka, desktop research, eksperimental dan uji coba lapangan. Daya motor yang digunakan yaitu 780 Watt dengan perhitungan hambatan udara dan massa sebesar 220,776 Watt. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada uji coba tanggal 30 Agustus 2016 pukul 10.00 – 13.00 WIB dengan temperatur udara ± 320 C, kecepatan angin 2,5 m/s – 7,5 m/s dan sudut pelontaran 700. Hasil uji coba peluncuran pada record data di sensor accelerometer menunjukkan grafik parabola dengan kecepatan awal 20 m/s hingga kecepatan puncak 78 m/s pada distribusi kecepatan tiap satuan waktu (detik) dan distribusi percepatan dengan percepatan awal 0,5 m/s2 hingga percepatan puncak 5 m/s2 tiap satuan waktu (detik). Untuk grafik lintasan tempuh horizontal terhadap waktu mengalami kenaikan tiap detiknya dan pada lintasan tempuh vertikal membentuk lintasan parabola. Dengan demikian, dalam perancangan pembuatan roket kendali perlu diperhitungkan titik berat, kemungkinan hambatan-hambatan yang terjadi untuk memperhitungkan daya motor yang dibutuhkan serta kondisi tempat percobaan. Kata kunci : Roket, Hambatan, Daya, Kecepatan, Percepatan A rocket is a spacecraft, guided missiles, or air transportation which had gotten power from a rocket reaction againts discharge rapidly fluid materials from the rocket output. Developing rocket technology at Indonesia can be used to support the development of rocket technology as Telecommunication, Transportation, Climatology, Remote viewing even Country Deffense and Security. At this guiden missile project intended for design and body rocket planning with a calculation to distribute a capacity which can be brought by a rocket, the vertical and horziontal emphasis, the probability of a problems which is taken while processing a Test-Launch, calculating an engine power which is suitable to use, and kinematic analysis which is formed as a parabolic track. The methods which is used are literature review, desktop research, experimental and field trials. Engine power which is used are 780 Watt with calculating an air resistance and a mass of 220,776 Watt. Collecting data was done in test on 30 August 2010 at 10.00 – 13.00 WIB with air temperature ± 320 C, wind velocity 2,5 m/s – 7,5 m/s and angle shooting 700. The test-launch result based on record data at accelerometer censor show parabolic graphic with an initial velocity 20 m/s up to 78 m/s maximum speed on the velocity distribution each time (seconds) and acceleration distribute with an initial acceleration 0,5 m/s2 up to 5 m/s maximum acceleration each time (seconds). For a horizontal track mileage chart againts time have increased each seconds and on the vertical travel path formed a parabolic track. Therefore, on the guided missile construction design need to be calculated its center emphasis, obstacles possibility which is happened to calculate an engine power which is required along with the condition of experimental place. Keywords : Rocket, Resistance, Power, Velocity, Acceleration

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:50652
Deposited By:Mrs Wahyu D3 Teknik Mesin
Deposited On:27 Oct 2016 10:16
Last Modified:27 Oct 2016 10:16

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