HUBUNGAN FAKTOR RESIKO KARAKTERISTIK BIODEMOGRAFI DAN UPAYA PREVENTIF IBU DENGAN KEMATIAN BAYI DI KABUPATEN BANTUL TAHUN 2004. THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE RISK FACTOR OF BIODEMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTIC AND MOTHER PREVENTIF EFFORT INFANT MORTALITY IN BANTUL REGENCY ON 2004

PARYANTI, ENDANG (2005) HUBUNGAN FAKTOR RESIKO KARAKTERISTIK BIODEMOGRAFI DAN UPAYA PREVENTIF IBU DENGAN KEMATIAN BAYI DI KABUPATEN BANTUL TAHUN 2004. THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE RISK FACTOR OF BIODEMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTIC AND MOTHER PREVENTIF EFFORT INFANT MORTALITY IN BANTUL REGENCY ON 2004. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Program-program kesehatan di Kabupaten Bantul sudah dilaksanakan, keterjangkuan pelayanan kesehatan tidak terlalu sulit dijangkau serta pelayanan kesehatan sudah memadai tetapi cakupannya masih rendah dan angka kematian bayi masih tinggi. Hendak dicari faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kematian bayi dengan tujuan penelitian diketahuinya hubungan faktor risiko karakteristik biodemografi dan upaya preventif ibu dengan kematian bayi di Kabupaten Bantul tahun 2004. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian penjelasan dan restrospektif. Rancangan penelitian studi kasus kontrol. Populasi penelitian adalah ibu yang melahirkan bayi yang tercatat pada Buku profil Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten bantul sebanyak 132.305 pasangan usia subur pada tahun 2004 terdiri dari kelompok kasus dan kontrol. Sampel adalah ibu yang melahirkan bayi yang meninggal 0-11 bulan pada periode 1 januari 2004 - pertengahan Desember 2004. Sampel diambil dari data di Rumah Sakit, Puskesmas dan Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bantul tahun 2004 dan besar sampel setiap kelompok 40 orang. Analisis data yang digunakan univariat dan bivariat, analisis univariat digunakan untuk menggambarkan faktor risiko (variabel bebas). Sedangkan analisis bivariat digunakan untuk memperoleh gambaran terhadap ada tidaknya hubungan antara variabel bebas dengan variabel terikat. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis bivariat Chi-Square,dengan CI sebesar 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan yang bermakna antara biodemografi ibu dengan kematian (x2=15,22;p=0,001,OR=7,07). Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara usia ibu ketika melahirkan anak dengan kematian bayi (x2=16,573; p=0,001, OR=7,429). Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara jarak kelahiran dengan kematian bayi (x2=6,054; p=0,014, OR=3). Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pemberian Asi dini dengan kejadiaan kematian bayi (x2=11,257;p=0,001,OR=5). Ada hubungan antara perawatan antenatalcaredengan kematian bayi.x2=23,3; p=0,001,OR=11) Pada penelitian ini disarankan perlu peningkatan informasi pasangan usia subur tentang pengaturan jarak kelahiran, usia sehat melahirkan, pemberian ASI dini dan perawatan antenatal (pendidikan tentang gejala komplikasi, tindakan saat melahirkan pemeriksaan air seni, jenis pemeriksaan darah) selama kehamilan oleh semua sektor terkait (posyandu, dll). Health program in Bantul regency has been implemented, the achieved servicing health is not really difficult to reach and servicing health has available but the scope is still low and infant martality rate is still high. Everything factors that related to infant mortality. The purpose of research is to know the relationship of the risk factor of biodemography chraracteristic and mother preventif effort with infant mortality in Bantul regency on 2004. The kind of research that use are explanatory and restrospectifive. The plan research is case control study. Population research is mother who birth the baby that recorded in profile book of health service Bantul Regency about 132.305 pair fertile age on 2004 consist from case and control group. Sample is mother who birth the baby that die 0-11 month in period 1,2004 until middle December 2004. Sample get from data in the hospital, local govermment clinic. and health service in Bantul regency on 2004 and large sample each group 40 people. Analysis data using univariat and bivariat, in analysis univariat to figure out each factor risk (independent variable). While analysis bivariat using for get illustration face existence or nonexistence relationship between free variable whith bound variable. The experiment that use for analysis bivariate is Chi-square,with belief in interval as much as 95%. The result of research indicate existance of relationship that significant between biodemography mother with infant mortality (x2=15,22;p=0,001,OR=7,07).It is exestensi relationship that significant between mother age while birth the baby with infant mortality (x2=16,573; p=0,001, OR=7,429). It is existence relationship that significant distance between birth and infant mortality (x2=6,054; p=0,014, OR=3). It is existence that significant between giving early mother's milk with infant mortality happen relathioship (x2=11,257;p=0,001,OR=5). It is existence relathionship between antenatal care with infant mortality (x2=23,3; p=0,001; OR=11). and notjing relathionship that significant between preventif mother effort,consume Fe, and postnatal care with martality. Suggest that can given based on this research is need improvement information for pair fertile age about control distrance birth, healthy birth age, giving early mother's milk and antental care (education about symptom complication, step while birth, urinanalysis, kinds of blood check up) as long as pregnancy by all sector link (posyandu,etc). Kata Kunci: Biodemograpfi, Upaya preventif, Kematian Bayi.Biodemography preventive effort, infant mortality.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:4772
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:20 Jan 2010 15:31
Last Modified:20 Jan 2010 15:31

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