HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN BAYI TERHADAP KEJADIAN KEMATIAN PERINATAL DI PUSKESMAS KARANGLEWAS KABUPATEN BANYUMAS MARET 2005 CHARACTERITIC RELATIONSHIP OF MOTHER AND INFANTTOWARD PERINATAL DEATH EVENT IN PUBLIC HEALTH UNIT OF KARANGLEWAS ,BANYUMAS REGENCY ,MARCH 2005

ZUBAIDAH, ZUBAIDAH (2005) HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN BAYI TERHADAP KEJADIAN KEMATIAN PERINATAL DI PUSKESMAS KARANGLEWAS KABUPATEN BANYUMAS MARET 2005 CHARACTERITIC RELATIONSHIP OF MOTHER AND INFANTTOWARD PERINATAL DEATH EVENT IN PUBLIC HEALTH UNIT OF KARANGLEWAS ,BANYUMAS REGENCY ,MARCH 2005. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Secara umum gangguan perinatal merupakan masalah utama pada bayi yaitu terjadi pada usia sampai dengan 7 hari termasuk lahir mati. Kasus kematian perinatal pada studi mortalitas ini dibedakan dalam sebab utama janin dan sebab utama pada ibu melalui kegiatan penimbangan, yang dikenal dengan program posyandu. Upaya penurunan kematian bayi akan berhasil cecara nyata khususnya pada bayi yang berusia antara 1 bulan-11 bulan. Namun untuk komponen neonatal dini belum menunjukkan penurunan yang berarti. hal ini sangat memprihatinkan,karena kejadian lahir mati dan kematian bayi baru lahir masih tinggi serta cenderung turun sangat lambat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan karakteristik ibu dan bayi terhadap kejadian kematian perinatal di Puskesmas Karanglewas dan merupakan penelitian Explanatory study dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional yang dilaksanakan pada bulan maret 2005 di Kabupaten Banyumas. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 194 ibu bayi usia sampai dengan 7 hari dan teknik sampling dengan menggunakan Simple Randum Sampling. Uji analisis statistik untuk mengetahui hubungan antar variable dengan menggunakan program SPSS versi 10.0 for widows. Sedangkan uji yang digunakan adalah uji Chi Square yang bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan fariabel independen (pendidikan ibu,pekerjaan ibu,status keluarga,umur ibu,komplikasi kehamilan,komplikasi persalinan,BBLR,dan asfiksia)terhadap variabel dependen (kejadian kematian perinatal).Uji ini dipergunakan untuk menguji hipotesis dengan skala nominal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara komplikasi kehamilan (p=0,001),komplikasi persalinan (p=0,001),asfiksia (p=0,001) dan BBLR(p=0,001) terhadap kejadian kematian perinatal. Tidak ada hubungan fariabel pendidika ibu,pekerjaan ibu,status keluarga,dan umur ibu terhadap kejadian kematian perinatal. Dari beberapa penyebab kematian bayi/anak itu timbul karena dari beberapa karakteristik ibu dan bayi. Oleh karena itu upaya deteksi dini terhdap karakteristik ibu hamil maupun janinnya dala rangka mencegah kasus kematian perinatal melalui kegiatan penyuluhan atau KIE pada saat. Generally prenatal disturbance is the main problem in infant that was happen until 7 days age, include birth in death. Prenatal death case in this mortality study was differed inthe main caused of fetus and main caused of mother through weighing activity,that know as public healthunit program.decreasing effort of infant death willbe succeed in significant that 1 month-11 months age. But or early neonatal component not showing decrease in significant yet. This is very concerned,because birth death event and death in infant that already borm remain high and tend decrease very slowly. This research has aim to know characteristic relationship of mother and infant toward prenatal death event in public health unit of Karanglewas and it was an explanatory study with cross sectional approach that conducted in March 2005 in Banyumas regency. Research samples as amount of 194 mothers of infant which 7 days age, and sampling technique by using simple randum sampling. statistical analysis test is to know the relation between variables by using program of SPSS for windows version 10.0. Where as the test that was used is Chi Square test that has aim to know the relation of independent variables(mothers education and occupation, Family status, age, pregnancy complication, delivery, BBLR and asphyxia) toward dependent variable(prenatal death event). This test was used to test the hypothesis with nominal scale. Result of research showed that was a significant relation between pregnancy complication (p=0,001),delivery complication (p=0,001),asphixia(0,001) and BBLR(p=0,001) to ward prenatal death event.There was no relation of variables of mothers education and occupation,family status and age toward prenatal death event. From several caused of death of infant or childrent, it was appeared because of several characteistic of mother and infant. There fore,early detection effort toward pregnant mother characteistic or her fetus in order to prevent prenatal death case is important through information or KIE at pregnancy. Kata Kunci: kejadian kematian perinatal,ibu bayi usia sampai 7 hari prenatal death event,mother on infant which 7 days age

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:4656
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:20 Jan 2010 11:17
Last Modified:20 Jan 2010 11:17

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