HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAPARAN ASAP PEMBAKARAN LILIN BATIK DENGAN FUNGSI PARU PENGRAJIN BATIK TULIS

Fauzia, Lathifa Putry and Hardian, Hardian and Ayu, Tanjung Sumekar (2015) HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAPARAN ASAP PEMBAKARAN LILIN BATIK DENGAN FUNGSI PARU PENGRAJIN BATIK TULIS. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Background: The basic material of batik cloth is wax. Batik wax will produce smokes when heated. This smoke contains a variety of pollutants, namely CO, NO2, SO2, CO2, HC, H2S, and particles. Pollutants can cause damage in the histologic structure of respiratory organs if inhaled by the workers. It can cause acute and chronic pulmonary function impairment that may lead to occupational diseases. Objective: To determine the association between the exposure to smoke of batik wax melting with pulmonary function of batik artisan Methods: The study was observational analytic using cross sectional design including 32 women, 16 batik artisans and 16 unexposed subjects served as control in Semarang. The data were collected in the form of respondent’s characteristic and pulmonary function that includes FVC, FEV1, and PEFR using autospiro and peak flow meter. Statistical test by independent t test and Pearson chi square were used to compare differences in pulmonary function and its categories in both groups. While Spearman test was used to determine the correlation between the duration of exposure with pulmonary function. Results: The mean percentages of FVC, FEV1, and PEFR were lower and impaired lung functions were higher in batik artisan than the control group, with p = 0.016; 0.038; 0,037; p = 0.002 and RP = 9. The Spearman test showed a significant negative correlation with moderate degree between duration of exposure and the percentage of FEV1 (p = 0.047; r = -0.50), but not significant for FVC (p = 0.174; r = -0.36) and PEFR (p = 0.877; r = -0.04). Conclusion: Exposure to smoke of batik wax melting is associated with pulmonary function of batik artisan. Keywords: Exposure to smoke of batik wax melting, batik artisans, pulmonary function, FVC, FEV1, PEFR

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:46313
Deposited By:Mr/Mrs Mahasiswa FK
Deposited On:02 Nov 2015 10:16
Last Modified:02 Nov 2015 10:16

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