KOLONISASI BAKTERI PATOGEN POTENSIAL PENYEBAB INFEKSI DAERAH OPERASI PADA KULIT PASIEN PRAOPERATIF

Wilantri, Gina Dhani and Farida, Helmia and Firmanti, Stefani Chandra (2015) KOLONISASI BAKTERI PATOGEN POTENSIAL PENYEBAB INFEKSI DAERAH OPERASI PADA KULIT PASIEN PRAOPERATIF. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Backgroud : Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is associated with mortality and morbidity in hospital. The most common pathogen that caused SSI are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter sp, Pseudomonas sp. , and Klebsiella sp. Most SSIs are associated with the endogenous pathogen from patient normal flora, therefore skin colonization by pathogenic organisms a risk factor for SSI. Aim : To determine the prevalence of colonization by potential pathogen causing SSI and to analyze whether age, smoking habit, personal hygiene and pre-operative hospital stay were the risk factors. Methods : Observational analytic study with cross sectional data retrieval. Thirty eight pre-operative patient in the surgical ward of Dr Karidi hospital were taken their skin swab around the incision area within 2 hours before surgery. Patient personal data were taken using a questionnaire. Isolate from the skin swab specimen were identified in microbiology laboratory. The association between risk factors and skin colonization were analyzed using chi square/fischer exact test Result : The prevalence rate for S. aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter sp, Pseudomonas sp. , and Klebsiella sp. skin colonization are 94.7%, 0%, 2.6%, 5.3% and 5.3% respectively. Bivariate analysis resulted that there were no significant value as risk factor for all variables. Conclusion : The prevalence of S. aureus skin colonization was high,that of Gram-negative bacilli was low. Age, smoking habit, personal hygiene and hospital stay were not risk factors for skin colonization by potential pathogenic bacteria causing SSI from pre-operative patient. Keyword : Risk factors, SSI, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter sp, Pseudomonas sp. , Klebsiella sp., skin colonization, pre-operative

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:46183
Deposited By:Mr/Mrs Mahasiswa FK
Deposited On:06 Oct 2015 14:08
Last Modified:06 Oct 2015 14:19

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