The Inheritance Growth And Jumping In Subspecific Crossing Of Mice

Kurnianto, Edy (2000) The Inheritance Growth And Jumping In Subspecific Crossing Of Mice. PhD thesis, United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.



The small size of Yonakuni wid mice (Y. Mus Musculus molossinus yonakuni, about 14 g) and the large size of laboratory mouse CF#1 (C. Mus musculus domesticus, about 40 g) werw used in a series of experiments of subspecific crossing to study the inheritance of growth and jumping. The other teo laboratory mice designated C3H/HeNCrj (H) and C57BL/6NCrj (B) werw andded as materials in the 4x4 diallel cross study for body weight. Inheritance of the traits werw also examined in two-and three-way rotational crossing. Gompertz, Logistic and the other five growth curve functions werw compared to five growth curve functions werw compared to fit growth data. The Koops’s triphasic function was the best fit according to the highest of adjusted coefficient of determination (AdjR 2) of 0.999. Reciprocal crossing between C and Y was conducted to evaluate the genetic effects on body weight. Litters were standardized to six mice at birth, three males and three fermales, and the first liteter used only. Average direct genetic effects werw larger than average maternal genetic effects in contributing effects accounted for 61 to 96 % and 35 to 92 % of total variance for 1 to 7% for males and 3 to 23% for males. This means thar prenatal maternal effects had a greater influence than postnatal maternal effects in contributing to variation of body weight. From 4x4 diallel cross experiment, C male x C female (CXC) ranked the highest in body weight at all ages studied (Wk1, Wk3, Wk6 and Wk10) followed byHxH, BxB and YxY. Heterosis effects were 6.5%, 10.22%, 8.70% and 5.89% for the respective ages. Degree of general combining ability (GCA) and maternal genetic effects (MGE) can be ranked as C>H>b>Y. Crossing between C and had a greater specific combining ability (SCA) than other combinations, whwrwas BxY had the smallest. Linebred had the highest effects on body weight, followed by GCA hetetitance, MGE and SCA. Inhetitance of jumping, as a measure of vigor, due to DC-electricshocking was analyzed in reciprocal crossing between C and Y. The ratio between jumping and non jumping mice (J:NJ) for C was 0%:100% whereas Y was 68% : 32%. The F1 and F2 from Y male H C femate showed 65%:35% and 51% “49% repectively; while reciprocal F1 and F2 from C male Y female demonstrated 100%”)%, repectively. No differences were found in average heigh of the fist three jumping of Y, the first and second generations, ranged from 16.8 to 20.1 cm. The distribution of jumping height showed a tendency to be a normal distribution. The jumping activity and jumping height may be affected by some major genes and polygenes, respectively. Three-way totational crossing tended to maintain higher heterosis effects of body weight, but resulted in lower heterosis effects of jumping height, in whichthese results in contrast to two-way rotational crossing.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions:Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences > Department of Animal Agriculture
ID Code:460
Deposited By:Mr. Sugeng Priyanto
Deposited On:02 Sep 2009 05:28
Last Modified:03 Sep 2009 11:24

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