Pengembangan Sistem Informasi sebagai Pendukung Asuhan Gizi Rawat Inap di Instalasi Gizi RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul DIY

Karimah, Rinda Nurul and Kartasurya, Martha Irene and Sugiharto, Aris (2014) Pengembangan Sistem Informasi sebagai Pendukung Asuhan Gizi Rawat Inap di Instalasi Gizi RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul DIY. Masters thesis, UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO.

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Abstract

Universitas Diponegoro Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Program Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Konsentrasi Sistem Informasi Manajemen Kesehatan 2014 ABSTRAK Rinda Nurul Karimah Pengembangan Sistem Informasi sebagai Pendukung Asuhan Gizi Rawat Inap di Instalasi Gizi RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul DIY xv + 103 halaman + 7 tabel + 12 lampiran Berdasarkan pedoman gizi rumah sakit, asuhan gizi rawat inap harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi pasien yaitu keadaan klinis, status gizi dan metabolisme. Beban kerja ahli gizi di RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul besar karena penghitungan kebutuhan gizi masih dilakukan secara manual. Selain itu data yang dibutuhkan tersebar di beberapa ruang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan sistem informasi agar pengelolaan data untuk asuhan gizi rawat inap dilakukan secara sistematis dan berdasarkan kebutuhan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Metode kualitatif digunakan untuk proses identifikasi pada setiap tahap dalam pengembangan sistem informasi. Metode kuantitatif digunakan untuk menilai kualitas informasi sebelum dan sesudah pengembangan sistem informasi dengan desain penelitian pra experimental. Pengumpulan data kualitatif dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, sedangkan pengumpulan data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan memberikan kuesioner. Objek penelitian adalah sistem informasi pada instalasi gizi RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul. Subjek penelitian adalah 4 orang ahli gizi sebagai informan utama serta kepala SIMRS dan kepala instalasi rekam medis sebagai informan triangulasi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan basis data dalam sistem informasi instalasi gizi yang meliputi : data kajian keperawatan, data ahli gizi, data laboratorium, radiologi, info diet, dan data rekam medis pasien. Proses yang terjadi adalah pengintegrasian data dari berbagai sumber menjadi suatu basis data. Output yang dihasilkan berupa laporan status gizi pasien dan kebutuhan gizinya. Setelah pengembangan sistem informasi, kualitas informasi meningkat dalam aspek kemudahan akses dari 65% menjadi 80%, keakuratan dari 52,5% menjadi 80%, ketepatan waktu dari 50% menjadi 80%, kelengkapan dari 57,5% menjadi 76,25%, fleksibilitas dari 50% menjadi 66,25%, dan kejelasan dari 45% menjadi 75%. Disarankan mengembangkan sistem informasi gizi lebih lanjut untuk menghasilkan formulir lembar asuhan gizi beserta saran diet. Selain itu penambahan kapasitas server dan pengembangan sistem lebih mengacu pada kebutuhan pengguna. Kata kunci : asuhan gizi, pengembangan, sistem informasi, pedoman gizi rumah sakit. Referensi : 43(1991-2014) Diponegoro University Faculty of Public Health Master’s Program in Public Health Majoring in Health Management Information System 2014 ABSTRACT Rinda Nurul Karimah Development of Information System to Support Nutritional Care of Inpatient at Nutrition Installation at PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul in Yogyakarta xv + 103 pages + 7 tables + 12 enclosures Based on nutritional guidelines for hospital, nutritional care of inpatient must be adjusted with condition of a patient, namely clinical condition, nutritional status, and metabolism. Nutritionists at PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul had a big workload because they had to calculate the need of nutrition manually and collected data in some rooms. This research aimed to develop information system in order to manage data of nutritional care of inpatient systematically based on necessities. This was qualitative and quantitative research. A qualitative method was used to identify a process of each step in developing information system. In contrast, a quantitative method was used to assess a quality of information between before and after development of information system with pre-experimental design. Qualitative data were collected using in-depth interview. Meanwhile, quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire. The object of this research was information system at nutrition installation of PKU Muhammadiyah in Bantul. The subject of this research was 4 nutritionists as main informants. In addition, informants for triangulation purpose consisted of head of SIMRS and head of medical record installation. This research resulted data basis in information system at nutrition installation encompassed: data of a nursing study, data of nutritionist, data of laboratory, radiology, dietary info, and data of patient’s medical record. As a process, data were integrated from various sources and resulted data basis. Furthermore, resulted output was a report of nutritional status of a patient and nutritional needs. After developing the information system, the quality of information had been improved in terms of the aspects of: easiness to access from 65% to 80%, accuracy from 52.5% to 80%, timeliness from 50% to 80%, completeness from 57.5% to 76.25%, flexibility from 50% to 66.25%, and clarity from 45% to 75%. As suggestions, the information system needs to be further developed to result a form of nutritional care and dietary suggestions. In addition, server capacity needs to be added and development of the system needs to refer to user’s necessity. . Key Words : Nutritional Care, Development, Information System, Nutritional Guidelines for a Hospital Bibliography : 43 (1991-2014) l DIY

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Public Health
ID Code:44249
Deposited By:Mr. Mikm Undip
Deposited On:14 Nov 2014 08:52
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 08:52

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