Hubungan Karakteristik Ibu Hamil, Ketersediaan Sarana dan Kualitas Pelayanan dengan Tingkat Pemanfaatan PosyanduCorrelation of Pregnant Mother Characteristics, Medical Kit Availability and Quality of Health Service with Posyandu Usage Level

Sari, Revi Wulan (2007) Hubungan Karakteristik Ibu Hamil, Ketersediaan Sarana dan Kualitas Pelayanan dengan Tingkat Pemanfaatan PosyanduCorrelation of Pregnant Mother Characteristics, Medical Kit Availability and Quality of Health Service with Posyandu Usage Level. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Pelayanan yang dapat dimanfaatkan oleh ibu hamil berupa pemeriksaan kehamilan, imunisasi TT, indentifikasi resiko tinggi, pemberian tablet tambah darah dan penyuluhan. namun pada kenyataannya, pemanfaatan Posyandu oleh ibu hamil masih rendah, dengan cakupan Fe sebesar 20,39%. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan karakteristik ibu hamil, ketersediaan sarana dan kualitas pelayanan dengan tingkat pemanfaatan Posyandu. penelitian ini menggunakan metoda explanatory researchdengan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua ibu hamil yang berdomisili di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kalikotes, sampel diambil sebanyak 112 menggunakan metode simple random sampling. analisa data menggunakan analisa bivariat (koefisien kontingensi dan pearson product moment)dan anlisa multivariat (regresi linear berganda) dengan confidence interval95% (alpha=0,05).Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap ibu hamil, ketersediaan sarana dan kualitas pelayanan dengan tingkat pemanfaatan Posyandudengan nilai p=0,001. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara umur, pendidikan, status bekerja dan pendapatan rata-rata keluarga dengan tingkat pemanfaatan Posyandu. secara analisis multivariat, terdapat pengaruh bersama-sama antara ketersediana sarana dan kualitas pelayanan dengan tingkat pemanfaatan Posyandu (nilai p=0,001). Saran untuk meningkatakn pemanfaatan Posyandu adalah dengan meningkatkan penyuluhan bagi ibu hamil, melengkapi peralatan pemeriksaan kehamilan dan pelayanan kesehatan bagi ibu hamil (Posyandu Madya dan Purnama). The service that can be used by pregnant mother are antenatal care, Tetanus Toxoid immunization, identification of high risk, giving Ferrous suplemen tablet (Fe) and counselling. In fact,Posyandu usage is not maximaly by pregnant mother in Kalikotes district until April 2007, only 20,39% pregnant mother that can be given Ferrous suplemen tablet (Fe). The goal of this research are knowing correlation of pregnant mother characteristics, medical kit availibility and qualirty of health service with Posyandu usage level. This research using explanatory research method with cross sectional design. The population in this research is all pregnant mother who lived in Kalikotes district, sample was be taken 112 respondent with simple random sampilng method. Analyze of data use bivariate analyze (contingency coefficient and pearson product moment) and multivariate analyze (double linear regression) on cofidence interval 95% (alpha=0,05). the result of statistic test show that there are correlation of knowledge, attitude of pregnant mother, medical kit availibility and quality of heath service with Posyandu usage level (pvalue=0,001). There are not correltion of age, education, work status and rate of income pregnant mother with Posyandu usage level. the result of multivariate analyze show that there are influence together of medical kit availibility and quality of heath service with Posyandu usage level (p value=0,001). Sugesstion to increase Posyandu usage level by optimalization counselling for pregnant mother, medical kit and health service for pregnant mother (Posyandu Madya ang Purnama) Kata Kunci: pemanfaatan Posyandu, perawatan antenatal Posyandu utilization, antenatal care

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:4270
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:19 Jan 2010 09:18
Last Modified:19 Jan 2010 09:18

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