THE VALIDITY, RELIABILITY, LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY AND APPROPRIATENESS OF CURRICULUM OF THE ENGLISH TEST (A Comparative Study of The Quality of English Final Test of The First Semester Students Grade V Made By English KKG of Ministry of Education and Culture and Ministry of Religion Semarang)

SALWA, Athiyah (2012) THE VALIDITY, RELIABILITY, LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY AND APPROPRIATENESS OF CURRICULUM OF THE ENGLISH TEST (A Comparative Study of The Quality of English Final Test of The First Semester Students Grade V Made By English KKG of Ministry of Education and Culture and Ministry of Religion Semarang). Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Undip.

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Abstract

Penelitian in bertujuan untuk memaparkan dan membandingkan kualitas dua soal tes yang meliputi validitas, reliabilitas, tingkat kesukaran, daya pembeda, sebaran jawaban, dan kecocokan terhadap kurikulum dan kriteria soal yang baik. Melalui penelitian ini penulis berharap kualitas kedua soal yang digunakan di sekolah dasar di akhir semester pertama dapat ditingkatkan. Penelitian ini menyelidiki tentang kualitas soal Bahasa Inggris khususnya yang digunakan pada semester pertama sekolah dasar kelas V. Soal Bahasa Inggris ini dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif komparatif dengan ancangan kuantitatif. Selain itu, penulis juga menggunakan ancangan kualitatif untuk memeriksa apakah soal tersebut sesuai dengan Standar Kompetensi dan Kompetensi Dasar pada kurikulum dan kriteria tes yang baik. Soal Bahasa Inggris yang digunakan sebagai sampel adalah Soal Bahasa Inggris Semester Pertama Kelas V Sekolah Dasar yang dibuat oleh KKG Bahasa Inggris Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan dan Kementerian Agama Semarang. Penulis hanya menganalisa pada soal Bahasa Inggris Kelas V karena keterbatasan waktu. Dalam menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan beberapa rumus untuk mengukur validitas, reliabilitas, tingkat kesukaran dan daya pembeda tes. Selain itu, untuk mengukur sebaran jawaban, penulis menggunakan aplikasi ITEMAN. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk menganalisis data berupa ceklist kurikulum, ceklist observasi, lembar soal, dan lembar jawaban siswa. Hasil temuan berupa nilai indeks validitas, reliabilitas, tingkat kesukaran, dan daya pembeda dalam hal kuantitatif analisis. Sedangkan pada analisis kualitatif, hasil temuan berupa prosentase kecocokan soal pada kurikulum, dan beberapa kesalahan yang ada pada kedua tes. Dari hasil temuan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kulitas kedua soal baik dari segi kuantitatifnya. Nilai validitas, reliabilitas, tingkat kesukaran, dan daya pembeda keduanya seimbang. Naumn, dari segi kualitatifnya, soal 1 lebih baik dari soal 2. Hal ini dikarenakan beberapa kesalahan yang ditemukan dalam soal tes 2 lebih banyak dari pada soal tes 1. Penulis menyarankan pembuat soal tes 2 harus berhati-hati dan memperhatikan ketentuan pembuatan soal yang baik pada penyusunan tes selanjutnya. Kata Kunci: Validitas, Reliabilitas, Tingkat Kesukaran Soal, dan Daya Pembeda, Kecocokan pada Kurikulum The main objective of this research is to present and compare the quality of two test-packs involving validity, reliability, level of difficulty, discrimination power, distractors’ distribution and the appropriateness of curriculum and the characteristics of a good test. By conducting this research, the writer hopes the quality of test-packs that are used in the end of semester of elementary schools can be improved. It studies the quality of the English test, especially English final test for the first semester students’ grade V. This test was analyzed by descriptive comparative method with quantitative approach. Not only using quantitative approach, qualitative approach was also used to synchronize the tests with Standard and Basic Competence, and the characteristics of a good test (content validity). The test items used as the sample were English test-packs of the first semester students for Grade V of elementary schools designed by English KKG of Ministry Education and Culture and Ministry of Religion Semarang. The study only analyzed the Grade V of Elementary School just because of the limitation of the time of research. In analyzing the data, the writer used several formulas to measure the tests’ validity, reliability, level of difficulty, and discrimination power. She also used the ITEMAN program to measure distractors’ distribution. The instruments used to analyze the data were curriculum checklist, observation checklist, test paper, and students’ answer sheet. The findings were in the form of index number of validity, reliability, level of difficulty, and discrimination power in the case of quantitative analysis. In qualitative analysis, the findings were in the form of percentage of test-items that fulfill the appropriateness of curriculum and some errors that exist in both test-packs. From the findings, the discussion came to the conclusion that the qualities of both test-packs are good in their quantitative aspects. The number of validity, reliability, difficulty index, and discrimination power of both test-packs are balances. However, in their qualitative aspects, test-pack 1 has better quality than test-pack 2. It is because the findings that there are some errors exist in test-pack 2. Thus, the writer suggests that test-makers of test-pack 2 have to be careful and notice the requirement of designing a good test in the next arrangement. Keywords: Validity, Reliability, Level of Difficulty, and Discrimination Power, Appropriateness of Curriculum

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Linguistic
ID Code:42564
Deposited By:Mrs Ekana Perpus Pasca
Deposited On:03 Mar 2014 09:50
Last Modified:03 Mar 2014 09:50

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