Evaluasi Program Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Pemulihan pada Balita Kurang Gizi di Kabupaten Wonogiri Tahun 2011 ditinjau dari Aspek Input dan Proses

Indriati, Ratna and Nugraheni, Sri Achadi and Kartini, Apoina (2013) Evaluasi Program Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Pemulihan pada Balita Kurang Gizi di Kabupaten Wonogiri Tahun 2011 ditinjau dari Aspek Input dan Proses. Masters thesis, UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO.

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Abstract

Universitas Diponegoro Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Program Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Konsentrasi Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan Minat Manajemen Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak 2013 ABSTRAK Ratna Indriati Evaluasi Program Pemberian Makanan Tambahan Pemulihan pada Balita Kurang Gizi di Kabupaten Wonogiri Tahun 2011 ditinjau dari Aspek Input dan Proses xiv + 109 halaman + 8 tabel + 3 gambar + 21 lampiran Salah satu upaya untuk mengatasi masalah kurang gizi di Kabupaten Wonogiri adalah dengan program PMT-P. Program ini sudah dilakukan sejak tahun 2007, namun belum menunjukkan hasil yang bermakna. Hasil studi pendahuluan menunjukkan masih ada kendala dalam aspek input dan proses pada pelaksanaan program ini. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan program PMT-P balita kurang gizi. Jenis penelitian observasional analitik dengan metode kualitatif untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan program PMT-P oleh TPG dan kuantitatif untuk membandingkan pelaksanaan program PMT-P oleh bidan desa antara puskesmas yang mengalami peningkatan dan penurunan kasus balita kurang gizi. Informan utama 4 TPG dari 4 puskesmas yang mengalami peningkatan dan penurunan kasus balita kurang gizi. Informan triangulasi yaitu 4 kepala puskesmas, Kasi Kesga dan Gizi DKK, 4 bidan desa, 4 kader posyandu, dan ibu balita penerima PMT-P. Subjek penelitian kuantitatif adalah 60 bidan desa yang dipilih secara purposif dari puskesmas tersebut. Pengumpulan data kualitatif melalui wawancara mendalam dan kuantitatif dengan angket. Analisis data kualitatif dengan content-analysis dan kuantitatif dengan uji statistik Mann Whitney. Pelaksanaan PMT-P di puskesmas yang mengalami penurunan kasus kurang gizi lebih banyak yang optimal (83,3%) dibandingkan puskesmas yang mengalami peningkatan kasus (56,7%). Perbedaan mencolok pada pelaksanaan meliputi sosialisasi ke masyarakat, registrasi sasaran, pemantauan daya terima PMT, penggunaan kartu pemantauan serta pendampingan bidan terhadap kader lebih banyak dilakukan oleh puskesmas yang mengalami penurunan kasus balita kurang gizi. Pemberian paket PMT-P di puskesmas yang mengalami peningkatan kasus dilakukan pada semua balita dengan rata-rata pemberian selama satu bulan. Selain itu puskesmas kurang melibatkan perangkat desa dan kecamatan dalam PMT-P. Pelaksanaan PMT-P di puskesmas yang mengalami penurunan kasus kurang gizi lebih baik. Penentuan sasaran dengan tepat dan peningkatan peran serta masyarakat dapat menurunkan kasus kurang gizi. Kata kunci : Program PMT-P balita, TPG, Bidan Desa, Balita Kurang Gizi. Pustaka : 32 (2002 - 2012) Diponegoro University Faculty of Public Health Master’s Program in Public Health Majoring in Health Policy Administration Sub Majoring in Maternal and Child Health Management 2013 ABSTRACT Ratna Indriati Evaluation on Food Supplementation Program among Undernourished Underfive Children in Wonogiri District, from Input and Process Aspects xiv + 109 pages + 8 tables + 3 figures + 21 enclosures One of efforts to solve undernourishment problems in Wonogiri district was a recovery food supplement distribution (PMT-P) program. This program has been implemented since 2007. However, it had not shown significant results. Preliminary studies showed that there were problems in input and process aspects in the implementation of this program. Objective of the study was to evaluate the implementation of PMT-P program for undernourished under-five children (balita). This was an observational-analytical study. A qualitative method was applied to evaluate the implementation of PMT-P program by TPG. A quantitative method was used to compare the implementation of PMT-P program by midwives in the primary healthcare centers (puskesmas) with increasing and decreasing numbers of undernourished under-five children cases. The main informants were four TPG from four puskesmas that experienced the increase and decrease numbers of undernourished under-five children cases. Triangulation informants were four heads of puskesmas, a head of Kesga and nutrition section of the district health office, four village midwives, four posyandu cadres, and mothers of under-five children who received PMT-P. Subject of the quantitative study were 60 midwives selected purposively from each puskesmas. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interview; quantitative data were collected using questionnaire. Content analysis was applied for qualitative data analysis, and Mann-Whitney statistic test was applied for quantitative data analysis. Implementation of PMT-P in puskesmas that experienced the decrease of the number of undernourished cases was more optimal (83.3%) than in puskesmas that experienced the increase of the cases (56.7%). Distinct difference that was shown in the implementation included socialization to the community, target registration, monitoring of PMT absorption ability, monitoring card usage. Midwives accompaniment to cadres was conducted more frequent by puskesmas that experienced the decrease of the number of undernourished under-five children cases. PMT-P packages were distributed continually to all under-five children in the puskesmas that experienced the increase of the cases for a month in average. Additionally, puskesmas did not optimally involve village staffs and sub district office staffs in the PMT-P program activities. The implementation of PMT-P in puskesmas that experienced the decrease of undernourished cases is better. Accurate determination of the target and improvement of community involvement should be able to decrease undernourished cases. Key words : PMT-P program for under-five children, TPG, Village midwives, undernourished under-five children Bibliography : 32 (2002-2012)

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:School of Postgraduate (mixed) > Master Program in Public Health
ID Code:41294
Deposited By:Mr. Mikm Undip
Deposited On:20 Jan 2014 10:22
Last Modified:26 May 2014 11:50

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