HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFI DAN UMUR SAAT MENOPAUSE DENGAN KELUHAN SAAT MENOPAUSE (Studi pada wanita anggota posyandu usia lanjut di Kelurahan Putussibau Kota Kecamatan Putussibau Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu Kalimantan Barat tahun 2007) CORRELATION BETWEEN DEMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTIC AND AGE IN MENOPAUSE WITH MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS (Studies to women at adult "Posyandu" on Putussibau Village,Putussibau Subdistrict, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan 2007)

DESI, DESI (2007) HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFI DAN UMUR SAAT MENOPAUSE DENGAN KELUHAN SAAT MENOPAUSE (Studi pada wanita anggota posyandu usia lanjut di Kelurahan Putussibau Kota Kecamatan Putussibau Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu Kalimantan Barat tahun 2007) CORRELATION BETWEEN DEMOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTIC AND AGE IN MENOPAUSE WITH MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS (Studies to women at adult "Posyandu" on Putussibau Village,Putussibau Subdistrict, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan 2007). Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Wanita usia 45 tahun keatas memasuki mas menopause dengan keluhan-keluhan yang diakibatkan defisiensi estrogen. Berkurangnya hormon estrogen akan mengalami beberapa kelainan, baik yang terjadi jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang. Keluhan yang dialami meliputi keluhan vasomotorik, keluhan traktus urogenital, keluhan konstitusional, keluhan psikiastenik dan neuretik. Keluhan yang dirasakan pada masa menopause erat kaitannya denagan karakteristik demografi dan umur saat menopause. Tujuan penelitian Mengetahui Hubungan karakteristik demografi dan umur saat menopause dengan keluhan masa menopause. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan Explanatory Research dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu-ibu anggota posyandu usia lanjut di Kelurahan Putussibau Kota Kecamatan Putussibau Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu Kalimantan Barat. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara terstruktur dengan kuisioner. Analisa data dengan menggunakan uji statistik chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden mengalami kondisi haid normal (80%), memiliki anak (91,1%), menggunakan alat kontrasepsi hormonal (68,9%), umur menopause normal (77,8%), mengalami keluhan (88,9%). Hasil uji statistik chi-square tidak ada hubungan kondisi haid dengan keluhan masa menopause (p value >0,05). Tidak ada hubungan jumlah anak dengan keluhan masa menopause (p value >0,05). Ada hubungan pemakaian alat kontrasepsi Hormonal dengan keluhan masa menopause (p value >0,05). Tidak ada hubungan umur saat menopause dengan keluhan masa menopause (p value >0,05). Disarankan bagi pelaksana posyandu usila untuk memberikan informasi tentang menopause saat melakukan pemeriksaan. Women in ages over 45 years are entering menopause with symptoms caused by estrogen deficiency. Lack of estrogen resulted in some aberration on short or long time. The aberration not only came in physical disorder, but also mentelly disorder. The simptoms was come such in vasomotor symptom, tractus urogenital symptom, contitutional symptom, physiastenic and neorotic symptom. Theses menopause symptoms have close relation with demography characteristic and age in menopause. The aim of this research is know correlation between demography and age in menopause with menopause symptoms. Using explanatory research with cross sectional type, this research was taken all women at adult "Posyandu" on Putussibau Village,Putussibau Subdistrict, Kapuas Hulu Regency, West Kalimantan as population. Sample was taken by purposive sampling technical using structured interview by quisioner. Thus, that data was analysis by chi square. Result of this study show that most respondent do normal menstruation (80%), with the biggest percentage was coming in respondent with children. Usage of hormonal contraception come in 68,9% respondent. Most ages was come in hormonal menopause time (77,8%) respondent get the symptoms in menopause. Bivariat analysis resulted that there no correlation between menstruation with menopause Symptoms (p value >0,05), correlation between quantitinof children with menopause symptom (p value >0,005 and correlation between menopause age with menopause symptom (p value >0,005). But there is have correlation between hormonal contraception usage with menopause symptom (p value < 0,005). Suggested to give information about menopause symptoms include some factors influence menopause. Kata Kunci: Usia Lanjut,Menopause The oldster,Menopause

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:4118
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:18 Jan 2010 11:10
Last Modified:18 Jan 2010 11:10

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