PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM MANAJEMEN BASIS DATA KESAKITAN (LB 1) DI PUSKESMAS KECAMATAN SINGKAWANG TIMUR TAHUN 2008 DEVELOP THE COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEM OF SICKNESS DATABASE MANAGEMENT (LB 1) IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT CLINIC OF EAST SINGKAWANG DISTRICT YEAR 2008

ISWANDONO, BAMBANG (2008) PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM MANAJEMEN BASIS DATA KESAKITAN (LB 1) DI PUSKESMAS KECAMATAN SINGKAWANG TIMUR TAHUN 2008 DEVELOP THE COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEM OF SICKNESS DATABASE MANAGEMENT (LB 1) IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT CLINIC OF EAST SINGKAWANG DISTRICT YEAR 2008. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Sistem pencatatan dan pelaporan di Puskesmas secara potensial dapat berperan dalam manajemen Puskesmas, salah satunya adalah laporan LB 1. Pengelolaan data yang baik didukung sistem manajemen basis data dapat memberikan informasi yang lengkap sesuai dengan yang diinginkan. Dalam pengelolaan data kesakitan di Puskesmas Kecamatan Singkawang Timur ditemukan beberapa kelemahan, yaitu perhitungan menggunakan alat tulis manual seperti buku dan kalkulator, data tidak tersimpan dalam sistem basis data berbasis komputer, kesulitan membuat laporan, pencarian data dan proses pengelolaan memerlukan waktu yang lama. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu mengembangkan sistem manajemen basi data kesakitan (LB 1) di Puskesmas SIngkawang Timur. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif untuk menjelaskan tahapan pengembangan sistem basis data, menggunakan content analysis dalam menggali suatu keadaan untuk dianalisis. Subjek penelitian adalah koordinator LB 1, koordinator SP2TP dan Kepala Puskesams. Hasil penelitian pada sistem manajemen basis data sebelum pengembangan, didapat informasi yaitu pengelolaan data tidak menggunakan sistem manajemen basis data sehingga terjadi permasalahan dalam kemudahan dan kecepatan pengaksesan, redudansi data, efesiensi ruang penyimpanan data struktur data, kebersamaan pemakai, keamanan data, integritas dan independensi data. Pada analisis kebutuhan pengguna didapat sistem basis data yang sesuaidengan tujuan pemakai. Pada pengembangan sistem didapat bentuk rancangan konseptual dengan pemodelan diagram E-R. SMBD (Sistem Manajemen Basis Data) yang terpilih yaitu basis data MySQL menggunakan bahasa komputer PHP. Pada bentuk rancangan fisikal dihasilkan struktur penyimpanan dan jalur akses data. Pada pengujian program, dilakukan instalasi program aplikasi, pelatihan pengguna dan ujicoba program. Hasil ujicoba pengembangan sistem basis data didapat, dalam mengakses data mudah dan cepat, menghilangkan pengulangan data, struktur data terbentuk, bisa digunakan berbagai sumber daya, keamanan data terjamin dengan penggunaan password, data dikelompokan sesuai jenis data dan menjaga independensi data. Diharapkan pengembangan sistem basis data dapat digunakan di Puskesmas Kecamatan, Puskesmas Kelurahan dan Polindes serta dapat dikembangkan lebih lanjut pada sistem informasi data kesakitan. Reporting record system in Puskesmas potentially can stand in management Puskesmas, one of them is report LB 1. A good data processing supported by database management system provides complete information needed. There are several weaknesses found in the management of sikness data in Local Govermment Clinic of East Singkawang District, such as manual calculating using book and calculator, data is not stored at computer based system of basic data, difficulties in the making of report, and a long time process of data searcing and management. This study is aimed to develop the computer-based system of sickness database management (LB 1) in Local Government Clinic of East Singkawang District. This study is designed with qualitative descriptive method to explain steps of developement of database system, and also with content analysis to explor a situation to be analyzed. Subjects of the study are people related to the prosessing of sickness data in Local Government Clinic of East Singkawang District. The are LB 1 coordinator, SP2TP coordinator and head of local government clinic, The result of this study shows that they did not use a database management system that it caused many problem such as : difficulties in the ease and quickness of data access, redudancy of data, effeciency of data storage, data structure, difficulty of using data at the same time, data security, and integrity and independency of data. In the analysis of user's need, it's found that there is a database system match to usage target. the form of conceptual design is a modeling of E-R diagram. DBMS (database management system) used in this study is MySQL database using PHP computer language. In them form of physical design, it result in a storage system and an access band of the data. In the implementation of the program, application installation, training for user, and tryout for the program were conducted. The tryout result in a new database system providing an ease and quickness in accessing data, omitting data repetition, forming data structure, used as asource, providing assurendness of data safety using a password, arranging the database on it' type, and keeping the data independency. Expected systems development of databases can be applied in Puskesmas Kecamatan, Puskesmas Kelurahan and Polindes and can be developed furthermore at information system of sickness data. Kata Kunci: Sistem Basis Data, Data Kesakitan Puskesmas Database system, sickness data in Puskesmas

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:4075
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:18 Jan 2010 09:37
Last Modified:18 Jan 2010 09:37

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