FAKTOR RISIKO HIPERTENSI PADA MASYARAKAT DI DESA KABONGAN KIDUL, KABUPATEN REMBANG

KARTIKASARI, AGNESIA NUARIMA and Chasani, Shofa and Ismail, Akhmad (2012) FAKTOR RISIKO HIPERTENSI PADA MASYARAKAT DI DESA KABONGAN KIDUL, KABUPATEN REMBANG. Undergraduate thesis, Fakultas Kedokteran.

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Abstract

Background: Hypertension is still a public health problem for considering the high prevalence in Indonesia. Hypertension can lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Hypertension is caused by the interaction of various risk factors. Objectives: For knowing the risk factors that influence hypertension on the people of Kabongan Kidul village, Rembang Regency, Central Java. Methods: This research type is analytic observational study with case control approach. The subjects in this study amounted to 106 respondents, consisting of 53 cases and 53 controls. The study was conducted in the village of Kabongan Kidul, Rembang regency in March 2012. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. Data were obtained through questionnaires and direct interviews and physical examinations of blood pressure, height, and weight measurement. Data analysis was carried out in stages include univariate analysis, bivariate analysis using Chi-square test, and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression test of Backward Stepwise method (Likelihood Ratio) on SPSS program. Results: The results of statistical tests indicate a risk factor for hypertension in the community of Kabongan Kidul village, Rembang Regency is the (p = 0,0026; OR = 11,340 and 95% CI = 1,346 – 95,553), family history (p = 0,000; OR = 14,378 and 95% CI = 4,027 – 51,332), smoking (p = 0,010; OR = 9,537 and 95% CI = 1,728 – 52,634), and obesity (p = 0,007; OR = 9,051 and 95% CI = 1,804 – 45,420), while the consumption of gender, salt consumption, fat consumption, and activity factor has no effect. Conclusion: The factors that proved to be a risk factor for hypertension were age, family history, smoking, and obesity, while the factors that are not proven as risk factors for hypertension are gender, salt consumption, fat consumption, and activity. Keywords: Hypertension, risk factor

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:37291
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:29 Nov 2012 08:45
Last Modified:29 Nov 2012 08:45

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